The infamous coronavirus that has killed more than 1000 people has now an official name that is Covid-19. This was announced in the World Health Organization’s (WHO) tweet on 11th February. The name is an abbreviated version of coronavirus disease 2019.
According to WHO, they wanted a name that does not refer to any geographical location, an animal, an individual or a group of people. They also made sure it was pronounceable and related to the disease. This decision was taken based on the guidelines agreed between the WHO and the World Organisation for Animal Health and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
🚨 BREAKING 🚨
"We now have a name for the #2019nCoV disease:
I’ll spell it: C-O-V-I-D hyphen one nine – COVID-19"
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) February 11, 2020
WHO also said that having a name matters to prevent the use of other names that could be wrong or cause stigmatization. It further provides a standard format that could be used for any future coronavirus outbreaks.
Though the virus is referred to as novel coronavirus by the WHO, the original name of the virus is 2019-nCov. The virus has even been referred to as new coronavirus or 2019 coronavirus by the media. In most cases, the media, as well as the public, majorly called it just coronavirus.
It has not been made clear that of someone who has mild symptoms could be considered to have COVID-19 or whether the disease only refers to more severe cases. However, according to the WHO’s technical guidance, a person is infected with COVID-19 if he/she has laboratory confirmation of 2019-nCOv infection whether or not he/she shows any sort of clinical signs and symptoms.
One of the few well-known coronavirus disease outbreak cause in 2003 by another coronavirus was named SARS which was the short form of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. one more coronavirus that occasionally infects people and causes illness could be MERS which is an abbreviation of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome.
The new name has few problems too as it might not be accepted by an audio cable manufacturing company Covid which is based in Tempe Arizona. The company refused to comment on the issue.
A spurt of Coronavirus, buzz for global emergency
In 2002, china encountered a similar crisis with the spurt of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) virus but the infection of coronavirus is more widespread in terms of affected people.
Since 2005, there are five global emergencies reported including swine flu outbreak in 2009, polio in 2014, Ebola outbreak in 2014 and so in 2019, zika virus in 2016.
After the Ebola virus, the WHO declared the novel coronavirus outbreak as a global health emergency. The death toll has passed 300 and around 14000 infections are confirmed till now arising the need for an urgent call.
HISTORY OF CORONA VIRUS:
Corona virus was primarily discovered in 1960s. The name corona virus is based on the Latin word called the corona which means halo or nimbus. When observed under an electronic microscope, the appearance of coronavirus resembles that of the solar halo. Scientifically, coronavirus is believed to belongs to a family of common rhinovirus including SARS and MERS which played havoc causing death of 774 and 858 people respectively in the year 2003 and 2012. It tend to dissipate from animals like civet cats and camels to human respectively. Various such viruses are circulating in animals which haven’t infected human yet.
A novel strain of coronavirus named 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is identified on January 7 by Chinese authority in the seafood market of Wuhan in Hubei province where wildlife are traded illegally. WHO asserts that this is the primary source of a corona virus outbreak. And also according to Chinese scientists, snakes are thought to be the carrier of the newly discovered virus.
VIRULENT EFFECT OF CORONA VIRUS:
Coronavirus mostly infects the upper respiratory tract including nose and sinuses characterized by symptoms of upper respiratory infections like running nose, coughing, sneezing and sore throat and sometimes fever. It can also cause middle ear infection in children and in severe cases if it spreads to lower respiratory tracts may causes pneumonia and even death in people with weaken immunity, especially in older people with heart disease.
Though its incubation period is not specified but estimated to be up to 10-14 days.
TRANSMISSION OF NOVEL CORONA VIRUS:
It spreads exactly as a common cold causing rhino virus via droplets of sneeze or cough by touching or cold-causing persons hand or face and also by touching the infected things used by the person.
HOW TO FIND OUT Coronavirus?
Overlapping symptoms with common cold make it difficult to diagnose whether the altering is infected with coronavirus or not. Various lab tests are performed to detect the presence of novel corona virus in sputum from nose and throat cultures and blood.
PROPHYLAXIS (WHAT SHOULD BE DONE):
Proper diagnosis may change the level of treatment of symptoms which usually go away. However no vaccines are discovered yet, but the symptoms can be treated with over the counter (OTC) medications for sore throat and fever except aspirin for children and teen younger than 19. Instead ibuprofen or acetaminophen is preferred. And take plenty of fluids and rest. Even humidifier or steamy shower may help you relieve from sore and scratchy throat. However, combination of two antiflu drug like lopinavir and ritonavir and anti-HIV have found to be effective to treat the viral infection caused by corona virus.
Recently, the Shanghai Institute of Material Medica and the Wuhan Institute of Virology had discovered that traditional herbal extract of Shuanghuanlian oral liquid is found to relieve symptoms by inhibiting the virulent action of coronal virus.
Anyhow, consult your doctor or health professional if the symptoms persist or worsens and don’t go away within few days.
China Censored Social Media Outrage After Coronavirus Whistleblower Doctor Dies
A wave of grief and anger pass through social media after the death of one of the first doctors who flagged the new coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan comparing it with SARS. Many of these Chinese social media users were also frustrated with the way the government handled this outbreak as well as the coverup of SARS both of which had been deadly killing hundreds and infecting thousands.
In December, Li Wenliang, 34, who was an ophthalmologist rung the emergency alarm when he told group fo, Chinese doctors, on social media about the seven cases he saw. In January he along with seven other whistleblowers were charged by Wuhan police for trying to spread illegal and false information. Li himself got infected with coronavirus after treating patients. The Wuhan Central Hospital announced his death 2:58 am local time on China’s Twitter-like service Weibo.
Social media users in China were already angry and concerned about Li’s deteriorating health for several hours. State-run media already reported him dead since late Thursday but the hospital kept saying he was in critical condition. Even the World Health Organization expressed its condolences.
The social media was already buzzing and outpouring rage which soon combined with the frustration with the government’s handling of the outbreak has spread globally. By Friday morning, the two most trending hashtags on Weibo were related to Li’s death. One such hashtag that was trending in Weibo was #IWantFreedomOfSpeech but the hashtag gets censored.
Even WeChat which is China’s ubiquitous messaging app was also filled with condolences. These comments went from calling Li a hero to singing Do you Hear the People Sing from Les Miserables or to repeating Li’s quote to Caixin Media about a healthy society should not have only one voice. China’s Central Commission for Discipline Inspection said later on Friday that they would send a team to Wuhan to investigate issues concerning Li.
Hong Kong Protest Movement Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize
Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement gets nominated for Nobel Peace prize 2020 by US Senator Marco Rubio and Representative James McGovern. China’s co-chair and chair of Congressional-Executive Commission sent the Nobel Peace Prize Committee a nomination letter for Hong Kong as the city was able to organize impressive and coherent protest movement without any leader yet being flexible. According to the letter, this prize would honour millions of people in the city who has bravely inspired the world with immense determination.
This pro-democracy movement began last June over a now axed extradition bill. The protest demonstrators still continue to demand an independent probe into the conduct of police as well as pardon for those who were arrested along with to stop characterizing protests as riots.
This nomination was also signed by Representatives like Chris Smith, Thomas Suozzi and Tom Malinowski, as well as Senators like Jeffrey Merkley, Steve Daines and Todd Young. The letter mentioned that Hongkongers were able to demonstrate civility in courage with extraordinary leadership and strong commitment to free Hong Kong and make it democratic state that would uphold law and order and fundamental human rights and freedom.
There were many like Liu Xiaobo who also made sacrifices to speak up for human rights and got sentenced for the same. His charges were that he was inciting subversion of state power. he was sentenced to 11 years of imprisonment where he passed away in 2017. In 2010, he was even awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his long and non-violent protest for fundamental human rights in China. As he was absent, the prize was presented to an empty chair at the ceremony. Since his death, his widow Liu Xia was under house arrest for several years.
The letter even mentioned that the US and the UK have suspended the sale of police and crowd control equipment to Hong Kong which the government has been accused to use against peaceful protestors excessively and unnecessarily. Last year, Guri Melby who is a Norwegian lawmaker also nominated Hongkongers for the prize as a way to further encourage the movement.
Coronavirus effects Chinese market share
The Fears deadly coronavirus not only effect the precious life but also Chinese market. It outbreak a sharp fall in Chinese shares when the market reopened on Monday after the Lunar New Year holiday, with the Shanghai Composite index closed nearly 8 per cent lower, its biggest daily drop in more than four years.
According to Xinhua news agency “The Shenzhen Component Index closed 8.45 per cent lower at 9,779.67 points on Monday, with losers outnumbering gainers by 1,438 to 53 on the Shanghai bourse and 2,086 to 99 in Shenzhen”.
Even in agriculture and real estate sectors shares are led the losses. Bucking the downward trend, stocks related to the medical industry led the gains, with more than 20 companies in the sector climbing by the daily limit of 10 per cent. By Judging the historical performance of epidemic-hit stock markets, analysts believe that the impact is mainly about investor sentiment and expectation, which will become basically negligible in the long term.
Lu Zhengwei, chief economist of Industrial Bank said “Sectors including transport, retail and catering bear the brunt of the outbreak, but they were expected to see rapid recovery in one to three months once given the all-clear of the disease”. He further said “the new outbreak will be contained within a shorter period of time than the SARS epidemic in 2003, citing much faster and effective nationwide emergency response”.
The country’s authorities have rolled out a raft of measures to strengthen its financial support for epidemic control, with the battle against the novel coronavirus at a critical stage, according to a circular released on Saturday. As more supportive policies to stabilize the stock market, market analysts expected the epidemic to only have a temporary impact on China’s economy.
Lian Weiliang, deputy chief of the National Development and Reform Commission, at a press conference in Beijing. “We are fully confident in and capable of minimizing the epidemic’s impact on the economy,” said
Noting that some people compared the coronavirus outbreak with the 2003 SARS epidemic and made economic loss projections based on the SARS damage, Lian said: “China’s current economic strength, resources and abilities to deal with emergencies have significantly strengthened since that time, and we are fully confident in and capable of winning the battle against the epidemic.”
Thailand claims to cure corona virus with anti-Hiv drug cocktail
On Sunday, the health ministry in Thailand said that a Chinese woman who was infected with the infamous new coronavirus has shown drastic improvements after she was treated with a cocktail of anti-viral drugs that are used to treat both flu and HIV.
During the health ministries daily press briefing, Dr Kriengsak Attipornwanich said that the 71-year-old patient tested negative for the novel coronavirus 48 hours after the Thai doctors gave her the combination. He even said that along with her positive test turning negative in 48 hours, the patient was extremely exhausted but was able to sit straight 12 hours after the drugs cocktail was given.
This drug cocktail had a combination of the anti-flu drug oseltamivir along with anti-virals like lopinavir and ritonavir which are used to treat HIV. The health ministry is still awaiting proper research results to prove the findings.
This good news comes in as soon as coronavirus claims the first life outside China of a 44-year-old Chinese man in the Philippines while the number of deaths has crossed 330. As per now, Thailand had detected 19 confirmed cases of the virus which has said to have broken out from Wuhan city in China which now is under lockdown. The country seems to have the second-highest number of cases outside China after Japan with 20 people suffering from the novel coronavirus.
Till now only eight patients were able to recover and go back home while the remaining 11 still are in the hospital. According to the video released on Sunday, Anutin Charnvirakul who is the health minister of Thailand visited this patient from Wuhan who has recovered from the coronavirus. He chatted with her in Mandarin and she thanked him and the medical staff.
Thailand’s government is now battling public criticism that the country is lagging behind to evacuate several Thai citizens from the Hubei province which is the centre of the outbreak. According to Anutin Charnvirakul, the evacuation would take place on Tuesday and the people would be kept in quarantine for 14 days.
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