According to Wade and Phillips, “Constitution means a document having a special legal sanctity which sets out the framework and the principal functions of the organs of the government of a State and declares the principles governing the operation of those organs.”
After Independence, it was very difficult to manage and rebuild the economy of the country. Miscreants were trying to hamper the growth. So, it was a big challenge to even provide meals to the pollution. Now, let’s understand a few things about the making of the constitution of India.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru plays a vital role as ‘Objective Resolution’ was moved by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru which laid down the objective of the Constitution to be framed by the Constituent Assembly.
What is a Constituent Assembly? The Constituent Assembly was a statutory sovereign body framed in 1946 by Britishers. The Constituent Assembly was formed in 1946 by Britishers. The Constituent Assembly was formed to frame the constitution for the people of India. Sir B. N. Rau was constitutional advisor to the Constituent Assembly.
On 29th August 1947, a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was formed. They put forward the draft constitution which was thoroughly discussed in the Constituent Assembly. Total 7635 amendments were proposed out of which 2473 amendment resolutions were discussed.
It took 2 years, 11 months, 18 days to frame the Constitution of India.
On 26th November, 1949, the Constitution received the assent and signature of the President of Constituent Assembly (Dr. Rajendra Prasad). Thereafter the Constitution was declared as passed.
Few provisions includes provisions related to citizenship, elections, provisional parliament and other were given immense effect from November 26, 1949 and rest of them came into force on January 26, 1950.