There is no end to viruses in China after the ‘killer’ Coronavirus, a number of other diseases are also rearing their ugly heads. Cases of swine flu and bird flu have already been reported in India and other countries. Now, a man from China has tested positive another deadly virus hantavirus.
China’s Global Times tweeted that the man from Yunnan Province died while on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a bus on Monday. The 32 other people on the bus were also tested for the virus.
A person from Yunnan Province died while on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a chartered bus on Monday. He was tested positive for #hantavirus. Other 32 people on bus were tested. pic.twitter.com/SXzBpWmHvW
— Global Times (@globaltimesnews) March 24, 2020
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), hantaviruses are a family of viruses which are spread mainly by rodents and can cause varied diseases in people.
It can cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
The disease is not airborne and can only spread to people if they come in contact with urine, feces, and saliva of rodents and less frequently by a bite from an infected host.
Signs & Symptoms
Early symptoms of HPS include fatigue, fever, and muscle aches, along with headaches, dizziness, chills and abdominal problems. If left untreated, it can lead to coughing and shortness of breath and can be fatal, with a mortality rate of 38 percent, according to CDC.
HPS has a small incubation period and symptoms deliver over 1 to 8 weeks. Early ones include.
While the initial symptoms of HFRS too remain the same, it can cause low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute kidney failure.
HPS can’t be passed on from person to person, while HFRS transmission between people is extremely rare.
As per the CDC, rodent population control is the primary strategy for preventing hantavirus infections.
There have been sporadic cases in India. In 2008, the Hantavirus struck the Irulas, a group of snake and rat catchers.
In 2016, a 12-year-old in Mumbai had died of the hantavirus infections.
According to Govt of Canada’s Public Health Service, one can get the disease by inhaling virus particles from rodent urine, dropping or saliva . It can happen when rodent waste is served up from vacuuming or sweeping. It can be caused due to touching objects or eating food or saliva that has been released in the air. Rat bites can also cause it but it’s very rare.
The CDC: “Rodent infestation in and around the home remains the primary risk for hantavirus exposure. Even healthy individuals are at risk for HPS infection if exposed to the virus.”
Diagnosis & Treatment
Diagnosis is difficult because symptoms can be confused with influenza, much like the coronavirus symptoms. Individuals with fever and fatigue and who are exposed to rats should be tested. In India, groups such as irulas, who hunt rats and snakes, have been found to be vulnerable.
No specific treatment is other than medical care and ICU, where oxygen therapy can help with respiratory distress. The earlier the patient reaches ICU, the better it is.
Covid-19 : China reports no new coronavirus cases today
For the second consecutive day, China reported no new case of coronavirus (Covid-19) domestic transmission, a sign some experts said, that indicates the country has passed the outbreak peak.
China’s fight against the coronavirus, however, continues at the borders. It is a focused battle against overseas travellers, some of whom could be returning to the country with the disease, and have the potential to spread it in communities.
Until Thursday midnight, at least 228 cases of overseas Covid-19 cases had been reported, the majority in Beijing.
Beijing is also laying down the protocol of how to prevent the spread. It has implemented step-by-step measures to sift through incoming overseas travellers, check them for infection, separate the infected and dispatch all to 14-day self-paid quarantines, mostly at government-designated hotels.
Incoming passengers need to file a health declaration before they are allowed to enter the quarantine route where they have their body temperatures checked.
In Beijing, passengers are then taken to the China International Exhibition Centre, a massive exhibition complex some 6 km from the airport, in government buses for registration and the second round of physical checks.
Those found to display no symptoms at the exhibition centre, and are travelling to other cities in China, are escorted by their own city government personnel to airports or train stations to continue their journeys.
The Indian embassy statement said “It is different for those who intend to stay in Beijing. “On rigorous assessment and screening, people aged 70 and above, minors aged 14 and pregnant women and those with underlying conditions who are assessed as not suitable for quarantine at designated places may be allowed to stay at home for observation. These are the only exemptions from 14 days quarantine at a Chinese government-designated location for overseas travellers entering Beijing”.
The statement said “Those who meet the criteria for home observation should apply for such observation to their residential communities prior to entering China. Those who fail to submit the application in advance or whose applications have not been approved will be sent to designated places for quarantine,”
According to official statements quoted by state media, Beijing has set up 149 “medical observation sites”, mostly small and medium category hotels, for overseas travellers to undergo a 14-day medical observation.
The self-paid package includes a single room, daily and regular health check-ups, psychological counselling; meals have to be eaten in the room.
The cost could be in the range of Rs. 2000 to Rs.5000 per day.
People with infection symptoms will be transferred to Beijing Ditan Hospital for a nucleic acid test, which determines whether the swan sample contains the virus.
Some overseas flights with Beijing as their destination are being diverted to other Chinese cities surrounding Beijing, including Tianjin, Hohhot and Taiyuan to ease the pressure on the capital.
Coronavirus Travel Advice: Measures to Protect Yourself From Coronavirus While Travelling
Coronavirus Travel Advice: The Centre of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has also issued travel advise, cautioning people travelling to other countries or those countries which are having Corona Virus patients put on level-1 alert and appealing them to avoid non-essential travel in those countries. High-risk countries like China, South Korea, Iran, Italy have been tagged level-3, which is by far, the highest.
Coronavirus symptoms start off with simply through cold and then serve big problem like respiratory infections, pneumonia and kidney infections. Try to Avoid travelling to infection-laden areas is your best bet to protect against Coronavirus if you cannot restrict, change or avoid travelling altogether.
Here are a few preventive measures given by expert which help you to keep yourself safe while travelling.
Coronavirus Travel Advice
Wash your Hand
A basic hygiene habit is washing your hands rigorously can lessen the risk of infection spread. When you travel, you come in contact with a lot of places and things which can be a breeding house for germs. While many use a sanitizer, remember, they can only act as a backup and not replace the effectiveness of handwashing. It is recommended that you wash your hands under hot water for a minimum of 20-30 seconds to kill germs.
Use Quality food and water
When you are travelling to unknown places, you can’t be fully sure of the quality or purity of food and water. It might also happen that your stomach bacteria might not react well to the local produce. Hence, you should be particularly aware of food contamination of any kind.
Avoid contact with animals and poultry
Since coronavirus infections spread primarily through the poultry market, ensure that any food you consume while you travel is thoroughly cooked, not raw and goes through quality checks. Avoid eating any product which is left exposed for a long time. Be wary of coming in contact with live animals and poultry.
Also Read (Coronavirus Kills First Patient Outside China)
Consult with your Doc before travelling
Although there is no available vaccine available for COVID-19, getting vital flu and infection shots are a good way to lower your chances of developing or catching a common cold, flu and influenza viruses which are all linked to the spread of coronavirus infection and reduce the risk of respiratory infections as well. If you are travelling internationally, consult your healthcare professional for necessary travel advice.
Coronavirus affects Olympics: Tokyo’s Olympics 2020 to be postponed
Seiko Hashimoto, Japan’s Olympic minister announced information regarding the International Olympic Committee (IOC) allows Tokyo to postpone the game to the end of the year on Tuesday, aboard concern the epidemic of coronavirus could force the IOC to cancel them and held it within 2020.
Tokyo Olympics 2020 test event was earlier set to place from 12-15 March but due to coronavirus outbreak, it’s been aboard. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) and Tokyo organization say the Olympics will proceed as arranged and open on July 24. In any case, each passing day, a hype is being observed in the risk involved in the game.
Olympic related events and most of the schools and colleges have shut down due to 12 causes of death in Japan as a result of the outbreak of coronavirus, now called COVID-19. Tokyo’s Olympics are being immensely threatened by the fast-spreading epidemic of coronavirus. The government of Japan, the host city of Tokyo, the world health organization (WHO), the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and Tokyo 2020 organization started “joint task force” in mid-February.
The coronavirus was originated in China, has been seen in at least 70 countries. Till now, 90,000 cases are seen and 3,100 deaths are reported so far.
The Games are expected to be held from 24 July to 9 August.
Seiko Hashimoto announced in parliament about the International Olympic Committee has the right to cancel or call off the game if they are not held during 2020.
A number of events of high-profile sporting like World Athletic Indoor Athletic Championships and Chinese Grand Prix, scheduled for 19 April have already been postponed or canceled as a result of the outbreak of coronavirus.
The Olympics have been dropped just three times, all during wartime. Former Vice President, Kevan Gosper, who like Pound additionally said wiping out was doable.
The International Olympic Committee’s Executive Board ensures to take all the measures to address the coronavirus situation and promises to work and host safe and secure games.
The Deadly Coronavirus Finally Has An Official Name
The infamous coronavirus that has killed more than 1000 people has now an official name that is Covid-19. This was announced in the World Health Organization’s (WHO) tweet on 11th February. The name is an abbreviated version of coronavirus disease 2019.
According to WHO, they wanted a name that does not refer to any geographical location, an animal, an individual or a group of people. They also made sure it was pronounceable and related to the disease. This decision was taken based on the guidelines agreed between the WHO and the World Organisation for Animal Health and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
🚨 BREAKING 🚨
"We now have a name for the #2019nCoV disease:
I’ll spell it: C-O-V-I-D hyphen one nine – COVID-19"
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) February 11, 2020
WHO also said that having a name matters to prevent the use of other names that could be wrong or cause stigmatization. It further provides a standard format that could be used for any future coronavirus outbreaks.
Though the virus is referred to as novel coronavirus by the WHO, the original name of the virus is 2019-nCov. The virus has even been referred to as new coronavirus or 2019 coronavirus by the media. In most cases, the media, as well as the public, majorly called it just coronavirus.
It has not been made clear that of someone who has mild symptoms could be considered to have COVID-19 or whether the disease only refers to more severe cases. However, according to the WHO’s technical guidance, a person is infected with COVID-19 if he/she has laboratory confirmation of 2019-nCOv infection whether or not he/she shows any sort of clinical signs and symptoms.
One of the few well-known coronavirus disease outbreak cause in 2003 by another coronavirus was named SARS which was the short form of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. one more coronavirus that occasionally infects people and causes illness could be MERS which is an abbreviation of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome.
The new name has few problems too as it might not be accepted by an audio cable manufacturing company Covid which is based in Tempe Arizona. The company refused to comment on the issue.
A spurt of Coronavirus, buzz for global emergency
In 2002, china encountered a similar crisis with the spurt of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) virus but the infection of coronavirus is more widespread in terms of affected people.
Since 2005, there are five global emergencies reported including swine flu outbreak in 2009, polio in 2014, Ebola outbreak in 2014 and so in 2019, zika virus in 2016.
After the Ebola virus, the WHO declared the novel coronavirus outbreak as a global health emergency. The death toll has passed 300 and around 14000 infections are confirmed till now arising the need for an urgent call.
HISTORY OF CORONA VIRUS:
Corona virus was primarily discovered in 1960s. The name corona virus is based on the Latin word called the corona which means halo or nimbus. When observed under an electronic microscope, the appearance of coronavirus resembles that of the solar halo. Scientifically, coronavirus is believed to belongs to a family of common rhinovirus including SARS and MERS which played havoc causing death of 774 and 858 people respectively in the year 2003 and 2012. It tend to dissipate from animals like civet cats and camels to human respectively. Various such viruses are circulating in animals which haven’t infected human yet.
A novel strain of coronavirus named 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is identified on January 7 by Chinese authority in the seafood market of Wuhan in Hubei province where wildlife are traded illegally. WHO asserts that this is the primary source of a corona virus outbreak. And also according to Chinese scientists, snakes are thought to be the carrier of the newly discovered virus.
VIRULENT EFFECT OF CORONA VIRUS:
Coronavirus mostly infects the upper respiratory tract including nose and sinuses characterized by symptoms of upper respiratory infections like running nose, coughing, sneezing and sore throat and sometimes fever. It can also cause middle ear infection in children and in severe cases if it spreads to lower respiratory tracts may causes pneumonia and even death in people with weaken immunity, especially in older people with heart disease.
Though its incubation period is not specified but estimated to be up to 10-14 days.
TRANSMISSION OF NOVEL CORONA VIRUS:
It spreads exactly as a common cold causing rhino virus via droplets of sneeze or cough by touching or cold-causing persons hand or face and also by touching the infected things used by the person.
HOW TO FIND OUT Coronavirus?
Overlapping symptoms with common cold make it difficult to diagnose whether the altering is infected with coronavirus or not. Various lab tests are performed to detect the presence of novel corona virus in sputum from nose and throat cultures and blood.
PROPHYLAXIS (WHAT SHOULD BE DONE):
Proper diagnosis may change the level of treatment of symptoms which usually go away. However no vaccines are discovered yet, but the symptoms can be treated with over the counter (OTC) medications for sore throat and fever except aspirin for children and teen younger than 19. Instead ibuprofen or acetaminophen is preferred. And take plenty of fluids and rest. Even humidifier or steamy shower may help you relieve from sore and scratchy throat. However, combination of two antiflu drug like lopinavir and ritonavir and anti-HIV have found to be effective to treat the viral infection caused by corona virus.
Recently, the Shanghai Institute of Material Medica and the Wuhan Institute of Virology had discovered that traditional herbal extract of Shuanghuanlian oral liquid is found to relieve symptoms by inhibiting the virulent action of coronal virus.
Anyhow, consult your doctor or health professional if the symptoms persist or worsens and don’t go away within few days.
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