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Indian Railway’s announcement of 17,000 Bio-toilets can help farmers in India

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 Indian Railway’s announcement of 17,000 Bio-toilets can help farmers in India

Bio-toilets

Indian Minister for Railways, Suresh Prabhu, announced his Railway budget for the year 2015, earlier in the day today at the Parliament.

With Prabhu, announcing to install additional 17,000 bio-toilets on long distance trains, here’s how it’ll help in generating electricity and also help the poor farmers in India.

 1 Litre of urine gives you 6 hours of electricity.

Urine is put into an electrolytic cell

 

— Urine is put into an electrolytic cell, which separates out the hydrogen.

— The hydrogen goes into a water filter for purification, which then gets pushed into the gas cylinder.

— The gas cylinder pushes hydrogen into a cylinder of liquid borax, which is used to remove the moisture from the hydrogen gas.

— This purified hydrogen gas is pushed into the generator.

 

The gas cylinder pushes hydrogen into a cylinder of liquid borax

 Urine can be used for fertilization of crops

   Urine can be used for fertilization of crops

— Human urine is indeed not an unwanted waste, but it is a useful resource. Adults produce about four to eight cups (one to two litres) per day, it’s a reservoir of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, the same elements that nourish crops; and it’s cheap to make.

— Urine, it turns out, is a huge and mostly untapped reserve of crop fertilizer. If Indians collected and applied 40 percent of their urine, the country could save $26.7 million (1.2 billion rupees) in fertilizer costs

— Human urine can be effectively used in agriculture by farmers, for food production will lessen our dependency on commercial fertilize and will bring cut-down in their expenditures.

It’s said that the Railway budget for 2015, is different in its self and said that, the budget was mainly focused on improvising the current policies which are being executed by the Indian Railways.

 

#RailBudget2015#PrabhuKiRail  #Bio-Toilets #Crops #Fertilization #Urine #SureshPrabhu #Electricity

 

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US Air Force Plane Crashes In Afghanistan, Taliban Claims Responsibility

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On Monday, a small US Air Force plane crashes in Afghanistan’s Taliban-held area in the Ghazni province which lies south of Kabul. The number of people on board is yet to be disclosed but according to an Afghan official two pilots were found dead in the wreckage.

Zabihullah Mujahid, who is a spokesperson for the Taliban said that they shot down “an American invader jet” killing many officers. He further claims that the plane had high-ranked CIA officers on board. But none of the above claims was verifiable.

Arif Noori who is the provincial government spokesperson said that the aircraft seemed to be flying around 321 kilometres between Kandahar in the south to Kabul in the north. Noori further added that bodies of two pilots were found amid the crash debris and said that the plane is completely destroyed but he mentions no other casualties.

Though it has been reported that only two bodies were found, locals claim to have seen around five bodies in total. On the other hand, the Afghan government initially claimed that a passenger jet crashed that had more than 80 people on board but they later retracted.

There are several unverified images of the crash circulating through social media which includes a tail end of a crashed aircraft that had the US Air Force insignia. The US Air Force uses the E11A, which is made by Bombardier. It has a twin-engine made for flying command as well as a communications hub.

It is not surprising if the Taliban claims to shoot down this plane as it has been reported from time to time that the Taliban possesses anti-aircraft weapons which are claimed to have been supplied by CIA to fight 1980s Russian occupation. In 2007, a British Chinook helicopter was suspected to have been shot down by the Taliban using a shoulder-mounted surface to air missile.

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REPUBLIC DAY 2020: Amazing Facts You Should Know About Indian Constitution

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Republic Day is celebrated every year in India on January 26 to honour the Constitution of India replacing the Government of India Act (1935). On November 26, 1949, the Indian Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly but was legally enforced only after two months on January 26, 1950, with a democratic government system and has now survived 7 decades.

Even after Independence on August 15, 2020, India was depended on the Government of India Act 1935 which is a modified version of the British law. Then just after 2 weeks later only, August 29, 1947, the drafting committee was appointed where Dr B R Ambedkar was the chairman.

This year, 2020, India will be celebrating its 71st Republic Day!

Here we have shared some amazing facts you should know about the Indian Constitution.

  1. Indian Constitution is the Longest Constitution in the World

The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of any country on earth that sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. At about 145,000 words, it had 450 articles which are divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules. It started with 395 articles and 8 schedules.

Picture Source: Scroll

  1. Dr Ambedkar, Father of the Indian Constitution, Was Ready to Burn It

Father of the Indian Constitution, Dr BR Ambedkar told this in the Rajya Sabha on September 2, 1953, while debating how a Governor in the country should be invested with more powers.

“My friends tell me that I have made the Constitution. But I am quite prepared to say that I shall be the first person to burn it out. I do not want it. It does not suit anybody. But whatever that maybe if our people want to carry on they must not forget that there are majorities and there are minorities and they simply cannot ignore the minorities by saying, “Oh, no. To recognize you is to harm democracy.” I should say that the greatest harm will come by injuring the minorities”

Picture Source: The Print

  1. The Whole Constitution is handwritten!

The original Constitution is handwritten by Prem Behari Narain which took 6 months. It was neither Typed nor Printed.  He used 254 pen-holder nibs of NO.303 and followed Raizada, italic style with beautiful calligraphy.

Prem Behari Narain didn’t even ask for any remuneration. Just requested to write his name on every page of the constitution and on the last page, the name of his grandfather with his name.

Picture Source: The Better India

  1. The Constitution of India has a Preamble

The constitution has a preamble also known as “FACE OF THE CONSTITUTION”. The preamble sets out the aims and aspirations of the people of India that declares India to be Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic, and secures to all its citizens Justice, Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.

Picture Source: IPleaders Blog

  1. Constitution has been amended 104 times

There have been 104 amendments as of January 2019 in Indian Constitution since it was first enacted in 1950. In the first 62 years, only 94 times the Constitution was amended.

  1. Each Page of Constitution Was Decorated By Artists from Shantiniketan

The artwork of the Constitution was decorated by artists from Shantiniketan including Nandalal Bose Beohar and Rammanohar Sinha, along with his students.

Acharya Nandalal Bose in Kala Bhawan, Shantiniketan, painted the major images and guided his students in designing other artwork.

The preamble was decorated by one of Nandalal Bose’s student, Beohar Rammanohar Sinha.

  1. Time Taken To Write Indian Constitution

It took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days) constitution to draft the constitution with the help of 389-member assembly which got reduced to 299 after the partition of India. The assembly holds eleven sessions over a 165-day period where 2,473 amendments were moved, discussed and disposed of out of a total of 7,635.

Picture Source: Isrg Rajan

  1. B.R. Ambedkar studied the constitutions of about 60 countries

As a wise constitutional expert and also known as Father of Constitution of India, B.R. Ambedkar has studied the constitutions of about 60 countries.

  1. Fundamental Rights Guaranteed by the Indian Constitution

Part III of the Constitution of India guarantees the ‘Fundamental Rights’ to all the citizens of India that includes:

  • Right To Equality – Articles 14, 15, 16,17, 18
  • Right To Freedom- Articles 19, 20, 21, 22
  • Right To Exploitation- Articles 23 and 24
  • Right To Freedom of Religion- Articles 25 to 28
  • Cultural And Educational Rights- Articles 29 and 30
  • Right To Constitutional Remedies- Article 32

Picture Source: Wikisource

 

  1. When And Where Constitution was Published

The Indian of the constitution was published in Dehradun and photolithographed by the Survey of India. It became the law of India on January 26, 1950. The final session was convened on January 24, 1950, where two copies of the constitution were signed by each member, one in Hindi and the other in English.

  1. A ‘Bag of Borrowings’: Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is often known as “Bag of Borrowings” as the provisions are borrowed from various foreign constitutions. This includes:

  • The Ideals of Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality came from the French Constitution.
  • Five year plans concept came from the Constitution of USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
  • The “procedure established by Law” was borrowed from the Constitution of Japan.
  • During the Emergency rule, the fundamental rights will be suspended: concept came from Weimar Constitution of Germany.
  • “We the People”: the concept is taken from the US Constitution’s Preamble.
  • Freedom of Trade, Concurrent list, and Service within Country” are inspired by the Australian Constitution.
  • Powers of the federal jury and Office of the Governor are taken from from the Govt. of India Act 1935.
  • Elections of the President of India, Directive Principles concept are taken from the Irish Constitution.

 

  1. The Lion Capital of Ashoka was adopted on the same day

On January 26, 1950, India adopted the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath with the wheel, horse and bull as the National Emblem of India.

  1. The day when the Constitution was signed

It was drizzling outside on the day when the Constitution was assigned and was interpreted as a sign of good omen.

Picture Source: The Hindu

  1. November 26, is not only the date

Every year the Constitution Day is celebrated on November 26 to spread the importance of the constitution and spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar. It was declared by the Government of India on November 19, 2015, as Constitution was adopted on the same date on 1949.

  1. January 26, is not only the date

The date of January 26, was chosen because it coincided with Purna Swaraj’s anniversary (January 26, 1930).

Constitution Of India originally written in Hindi and English Picture Source: Wikimedia

 

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Harsh Weather Delays Nepal Avalanche Rescue Missions

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On Friday after a heavy snowfall, an avalanche occurred at an altitude of about 3,230 metres close to the Annapurna base camp. Around four South Koreans and three Nepalis still remain missing while 200 people have been rescued after the avalanche hit.

Trekkers were en route on a Himalayan mountain near a base camp when the avalanche struck. There were four South Korean volunteer teachers and two Nepali guides missing. Heavy snowfall of about five metres(16ft) at the scene has delayed the rescue operations on Saturday.

According to South Korea’s Yonhap News Agency reports, rescue operations were set to resume on Sunday with helicopters and 10 more police officers are expected to join the search on Mount Annapurna which is one of the highest peaks in the Himalayas. The avalanche has said to have occurred in an altitude of 3,230m (10,600ft) about 150 km from northwest of the country’s capital Kathmandu.

According to South Korean foreign ministry, the missing trekkers include two women in their 30s and 50s and two men in their 50s who are teachers staying in Nepal for volunteer work. Other five South Korean members of the group took shelter in the lodge before being they were airlifted to safety. According to Sandesh Pandey of Janbogo Tour Nepal who helped organize the trek said that the four missing people were part of 11-member team from South Korea.

안나푸르나에서 실종된 선생님들과 현지 가이드의 신속한 구조를 국민들과 함께 간절히 기원합니다. 설 명절을 일주일 앞두고 생사의 갈림길에서 사투를 벌이고 계실 실종자들과 가족들을 생각하니 애가 탑니다.사고수습이…

Posted by 문재인 on Saturday, 18 January 2020

 

On Friday, they began their descend as heavy snowfall prevented them from going higher. The five were brought to safety and the remaining two did not go up in the trek. The South Korean government have dispatched an emergency team to assist rescue efforts and help those who are affected. South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in said in a statement on Facebook that he would do his best to find the missing trekkers. He also said that his thoughts were with the families of the missing trekkers who have flown down to the city fo Pokhara and are waiting for further updates.

Hundreds of foreigners visit Nepal to climb one or the other 14 highest mountains in the world including Mount Everest. Such fatal accidents are normal as was in October 2018 where nine climbers died as a violent snowstorm destroyed their camp.

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First Time Ever A Police Officer Being Apprehended For Supporting Protests in Hong Kong

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On Friday, seven people were arrested along with an off-duty Hong Kong police officer as they tried o put pro-democracy posters on a footbridge in Tuen Mun. This is the first-ever known case where a police officer faced an arrest for supporting this massive protest going on for seven months arresting more than 65, 000 people.

At 3:00 am on Friday, the officer who was 31 years old along with seven other people aged from 14 to 61 were arrested in Tuen Mun which is a district in northwest Hong Kong. According to the police statement, they were accused of possessing objects with an intent to vandalize or destroy properties along with a suspicion of trying to attempt damage a footbridge. The police said that the group possessed things like posters, plastic scrapers, gloves and electric drills. All the eight are still held in detention for further investigations as of Friday night.

【新屯8街坊無故被扣查】

Posted by 李家偉 Kawai Lee on Thursday, 16 January 2020

 

According to local media reports, the group aimed to build something like a “Lennon Wall” by using collages of pro-democracy visual art which were now in trend in the past few months on walls and roads across the city. The police say that the force has an attachment of great emphasis on its members’ professional ethics and any violation of law by a fellow police officer must be handled in a serious and just manner.

Among the thousands of people who were arrested during protests around 41 of them were civil servants including 24 being from disciplines like the fire services. No police officers were arrested though there were several complaints against police personal of blinding some protestors, driving motorcycles into a march and showing a reporter’s ID card to a camera on a live broadcast.

Carrie Lam who is the city’s chief executive and a pro-Beijing appointee on Thursday said that she would not accept any complaints or accusations of police brutality or that the force had been smeared. The protests began by a trigger proposal to allow extraditions to mainland China in early June which have now evolved into a much larger revolt against China’s control over the semi-autonomous state of Hong Kong. There were several violent clashes between protesters and riot police.

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China’s Mystery Corona Viruses Now Infecting Other Countries

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Since last month, several patients in a Chinese city have been showing symptoms similar to pneumonia from an unknown mystery virus. Health officials are worried as this could lead to a potential outbreak similar to SARS. New cases have been popping out in Japan and Thailand and as the evidence suggests, this unknown virus could be spread by human to human transmission.

On Thursday, Japan’s health ministry confirms that a thirty-year-old man had been tested positive for coronavirus strain after he was back from his visit from the Chinese city of Wuhan which is the epicenter of this virus outbreak. But, Japanese health officials said that a Chinese national was discharged from the hospital and no other cases were reported. The second case has been confirmed on Monday in Thailand were Thai authorities quarantined a 61-year-old woman who returned from Wuhan infected with the virus.

Experts have not been able to figure out how the virus spreads as no new patient visited the seafood market in Wuhan which has been identified as the outbreak’s original source. This has raised concerns as to the virus could have spread through the human transmission. Though the health officials could not verify this, there remains a huge possibility which means it could lead to a massive outbreak.

The World Health Organization on Thursday mentioned that though there seem to be cases with no link with the Huanan seafood market means that human to human transmission remains a high possibility. They even said that it is not surprising to hear new cases outside China and there could be more cases popping out in other countries in the future.

Last month this mystery virus appeared in Wuhan where one person died while 40 other infected people are hospitalized as their condition was critical with symptoms that included high fevers, invasive lung lesions, and breathing difficulties. Last week, few Chinese researchers identified the microbe behind the outbreak is a new strain of coronavirus and published the draft genome.

Coronaviruses are a huge virus family that causes several illnesses starting from the common cold to more harmful diseases like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome(SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS). All this has brought back memories from the 2003 SARS outbreak in South China which killed 774 people.

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