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Uttarakhand Stations To Replace Urdu With Sanskrit On Railway Signboards

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The railway stations in Uttarakhand has come to a decision to replace Urdu language on signboards with Sanskrit on state railway platforms. Therefore the signboards which have the stations name in Hindi, English and Urdu would now be written in Hindi, English and Sanskrit.

The Railway Manual says that the names of the railway stations should be written in Hindi, English and the second language of the state. According to the railway officials the decision was taken to follow this provision in the manual as in 2010, the state government of Uttarakhand gave Sanskrit the status of second official language.
The former chief minister of the state Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said that he intends to promote Sanskrit in the state. Himachal Pradesh followed suit in 2019.

Moradabad railway division issued this order for the change after a local neta pointed it out. According to the chief public relations officer of the Northern Railway Deepak Kumar, the railway signboards should include the state’s second language along with Hindi and English and they are making the change now as someone has pointed this out.

It took around a decade to come to this decision after the language change in 2010. According to Kumar as Uttarakhand was part of Uttar Pradesh, hence the signboards retained the Urdu language as Urdu was the second language of Uttar Pradesh. But now as the division happened and Sanskrit was made to be the second official language of the state, the change is needed.

The state’s promotion of Sanskrit just does not end here. Last year it was made compulsory for schools in Uttarakhand to teach Sanskrit as a mandatory subject for students from 3rd standard to 8th standard in both private and government schools. In this hill state, where Sanskrit is already compulsory for children from classes 3 to 12 in government schools, there has been an allocation of Rs. 242 crores as grants to Sanskrit Pathshalas to promote the Sanskrit Language. Along with that, there were an additional 30 crores allotted to provide grants to aided Sanskrit schools and degree colleges.

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India

Coronavirus In India, First Case Confirmed In Kerala

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In Thrissur district of Kerala confirms India’s first reported case of the novel coronavirus. The patient is a student who studied at Wuhan University, China and recently came back to India.

According to the Press Information Bureau (PIB) of India’s statement, the student was from Kerala and he was tested positive for novel coronavirus and is now in isolation in a hospital. The patient is currently stable and is being closely monitored. So far, the 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCov) epidemic claimed more than 170 lives. It has become a health concern with experts all over the world as the virus spreads from the Chinese city of Wuhan early December.

KK Shailaja who is Kerala’s Minister of Health said that one out of the 20 samples that were sent for testing turned out positive for novel coronavirus. She even said that the patient is currently stable and is kept in isolation at Thrissur’s General Hospital. The health minister also said that the government was ready and set up a control room.

All hospitals including private hospitals were asked to monitor patients that come in with similar symptoms of coronavirus. The health department is ready to isolate patients and start treatments. On the other hand, as a response to the developments Pinarayi Vijayan the Chief Minister of Kerala said that one case is positive while they have one more to do and they would take adequate measures as they have dealt with such outbreaks before.

This is not all, according to PTI report, one person each from Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram, Pathanamthitta and Malappuram and three from Ernakulam district are kept in isolation wards of various hospitals and health centres. As part of precautionary measures, health authorities have placed several people under medical observation. All important airports in India have started screening passengers from China for symptoms.

India even has kept an aircraft on standby to airlift Indian nationals from Wuhan which is the epicentre of the coronavirus outbreak. They will be brought into a quarantine facility located outside Delhi. The Ministry of Health even released a 24*7 helpline where one can ask and clarify their queries and doubts regarding the issue.

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Europe

“CAA Is Entirely Internal,” Says Indian Government To EU

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The European Union(EU) parliament has moved resolutions on the Citizenship Amendment Act and the clampdown on Jammu and Kashmir. India is hence facing a major diplomatic backlash ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Brussels for the India-EU summit in March.

Six resolutions on both issues have been moved by 626 out of 751 members of the European Union Parliament. This included six groups of parliamentarians, European People’s Party(Christian Democrats) with 182 members, the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats with 154 members, the Renew Europe Group with 108 members, Greens/European Free Alliance with 75 members, Conservatives and reformists with 66 members and European United Left and Nordic Green Left with 41 members.

Their greatest concern is that of a formation of a controversial citizenship law which might create the largest statelessness crisis in the world. More than 150 lawmakers had previously demanded that during any trade agreement with India, the EU insist on a strong human rights clause with effective implementation and suspension mechanism.

The resolution passed made reference to the Charter of the United Nations, Article 15 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the India-EU Strategic Partnership Joint Action Plan signed in November 2005 along with the EU-India Thematic Dialogue on Human Rights. Many critics considered PM Modi’s visit as just a PR stunt. The EU was invited earlier last month for a visit to Jammu and Kashmir that was organised for foreign diplomats. Bur the EU skipped it as they did not want a guided tour of the region.

The government responded to this saying that the CAA was not discriminating against any religion stating that the European societies have also done the same before. It was further said that the matter of the CAA is a completely internal matter to India and has been adopted by following the necessary process and democratic means after a well-known parliamentarian debate in both houses which was publicly broadcasted.

In addition to that the government expressed that being fellow democracies, the EU parliament would not take such an action that would question the rights of democratically elected legislatures.

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Headlines

PM modi addressed first Maan ki Baat of 2020 on Republic day- Here’s Highlights

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PM modi addressed first Maan ki Baat of 2020 on Republic day
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the nation on his monthly radio programme Mann Ki Baat’. This was the prime minister’s first radio address of the year 2020 and the 61st edition of his programme.The timing of the programme has been changed for today from 11 am to avoid a clash with the Republic Day function in the morning.

In his last address on December 29, the Prime Minister had urged the citizens to take up tasks to uplift the poor and had stressed the need for buying indigenous products to support the artisans. He had, during the course of his address, also spoken about the Indian Space Research Organisation or ISRO’s plan to launch a satellite called Aditya to study the sun and had praised the women of Uttar Pradesh’s Phoolpur for their efforts towards self-sufficiency.

Highlights of 61st edition of Maan ki baat 2020

  • Mission Gaganyaan will prove to be a milestone for New India.
  • Assam, which hosted the grand ‘Khelo India’ games successfully.
  • The new decade of 2020, has brought a new ray of hope in the life of the Bru-Reang community.
  • A couple of weeks ago in different parts of India ,variety of festivals were celebrated.
  • These days, I see that many events pertaining to ‘Fit India’ are being organised. On January 18, our young friends organized a Cyclothon throughout the country. Millions of countrymen participating in this Cyclothon spread the message of fitness. The ‘Fit India School’ campaign, which started in November last year, is also bringing results.
  • The exam season has arrived, and obviously all the students will be busy giving final shape to their preparations.
  • Next month, the first edition of ‘Khelo India University Games’ is being organized in Cuttack and Bhubaneswar, Odisha from 22nd February to 1st March.

Further he said “We have come together, once again, on the dais of Mann Ki Baat .This is to discuss newer subjects; to celebrate the latest achievements of our countrymen; in fact, to celebrate India. Today is the 26th of January. This time, it came across as appropriate to change the broadcast time of Mann Ki Baat, on account of the Republic Day Celebrations. And that is why I am reaching out to you this evening through Mann Ki Baat, having thought of a separate time slot”.

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Economy

India Needs Better Opposition, says Abhijit Banerjee

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Nobel laureate and noted economist Abhijit Banerjee, says that India needs a better opposition. This is the heart of any democracy and the ruling party should embrace opposition to keep it under check.

In one of the speaking session at the Jaipur Literature Festival, he even says that there is no correlation between authoritarianism and economic success. He even said that we can use Singapore as an example and argue the perks of a successful dictator but we can also use Zimbabwe as a counter-argument. He states that authority after a level is just an illusion.

This 58-year-old Indian born American who is an innovative MIT economist jointly won the 2019 Nobel Economics Prize along with his wife Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty. Their approach elucidated on different ways to improve the sad poverty condition. In his words, it was no silver bullet but many silver pallets.

Banerjee said that poverty is like cancer and there are many diseases to it. Some are education poor, some are health poor and remaining are asset poor. To fix poverty one must figure out what is missing and work on that. Trying to fix everything with one method would never work. He even challenged the notion that if poor people are given money or assets they become lazy and eventually use up the money falling back to poverty. He advocates for the fact that the people living deep poverty require encouragement in the form of assets and freebies.

Banerjee also talked about the crisis in the banking sector. According to him, we are in a vicious cycle and it would take time to fix things in the banking sector. India has no money and cannot afford to do what China did by putting money in banking and write off loans. He stressed on the fact that devolution of power and decentralisation were two important things for economic success.

When asked if offered would he accept the post of Reserve Bank of India Governor, he said absolutely not, claiming that it is better to be a macroeconomist than be governor for RBI. Responding to the question of whether he would have won Nobel Prize if he was based in India he replied, “I don’t think so.”

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Asia News

REPUBLIC DAY 2020: Amazing Facts You Should Know About Indian Constitution

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Republic Day is celebrated every year in India on January 26 to honour the Constitution of India replacing the Government of India Act (1935). On November 26, 1949, the Indian Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly but was legally enforced only after two months on January 26, 1950, with a democratic government system and has now survived 7 decades.

Even after Independence on August 15, 2020, India was depended on the Government of India Act 1935 which is a modified version of the British law. Then just after 2 weeks later only, August 29, 1947, the drafting committee was appointed where Dr B R Ambedkar was the chairman.

This year, 2020, India will be celebrating its 71st Republic Day!

Here we have shared some amazing facts you should know about the Indian Constitution.

  1. Indian Constitution is the Longest Constitution in the World

The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of any country on earth that sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. At about 145,000 words, it had 450 articles which are divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules. It started with 395 articles and 8 schedules.

Picture Source: Scroll

  1. Dr Ambedkar, Father of the Indian Constitution, Was Ready to Burn It

Father of the Indian Constitution, Dr BR Ambedkar told this in the Rajya Sabha on September 2, 1953, while debating how a Governor in the country should be invested with more powers.

“My friends tell me that I have made the Constitution. But I am quite prepared to say that I shall be the first person to burn it out. I do not want it. It does not suit anybody. But whatever that maybe if our people want to carry on they must not forget that there are majorities and there are minorities and they simply cannot ignore the minorities by saying, “Oh, no. To recognize you is to harm democracy.” I should say that the greatest harm will come by injuring the minorities”

Picture Source: The Print

  1. The Whole Constitution is handwritten!

The original Constitution is handwritten by Prem Behari Narain which took 6 months. It was neither Typed nor Printed.  He used 254 pen-holder nibs of NO.303 and followed Raizada, italic style with beautiful calligraphy.

Prem Behari Narain didn’t even ask for any remuneration. Just requested to write his name on every page of the constitution and on the last page, the name of his grandfather with his name.

Picture Source: The Better India

  1. The Constitution of India has a Preamble

The constitution has a preamble also known as “FACE OF THE CONSTITUTION”. The preamble sets out the aims and aspirations of the people of India that declares India to be Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic, and secures to all its citizens Justice, Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.

Picture Source: IPleaders Blog

  1. Constitution has been amended 104 times

There have been 104 amendments as of January 2019 in Indian Constitution since it was first enacted in 1950. In the first 62 years, only 94 times the Constitution was amended.

  1. Each Page of Constitution Was Decorated By Artists from Shantiniketan

The artwork of the Constitution was decorated by artists from Shantiniketan including Nandalal Bose Beohar and Rammanohar Sinha, along with his students.

Acharya Nandalal Bose in Kala Bhawan, Shantiniketan, painted the major images and guided his students in designing other artwork.

The preamble was decorated by one of Nandalal Bose’s student, Beohar Rammanohar Sinha.

  1. Time Taken To Write Indian Constitution

It took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days) constitution to draft the constitution with the help of 389-member assembly which got reduced to 299 after the partition of India. The assembly holds eleven sessions over a 165-day period where 2,473 amendments were moved, discussed and disposed of out of a total of 7,635.

Picture Source: Isrg Rajan

  1. B.R. Ambedkar studied the constitutions of about 60 countries

As a wise constitutional expert and also known as Father of Constitution of India, B.R. Ambedkar has studied the constitutions of about 60 countries.

  1. Fundamental Rights Guaranteed by the Indian Constitution

Part III of the Constitution of India guarantees the ‘Fundamental Rights’ to all the citizens of India that includes:

  • Right To Equality – Articles 14, 15, 16,17, 18
  • Right To Freedom- Articles 19, 20, 21, 22
  • Right To Exploitation- Articles 23 and 24
  • Right To Freedom of Religion- Articles 25 to 28
  • Cultural And Educational Rights- Articles 29 and 30
  • Right To Constitutional Remedies- Article 32

Picture Source: Wikisource

 

  1. When And Where Constitution was Published

The Indian of the constitution was published in Dehradun and photolithographed by the Survey of India. It became the law of India on January 26, 1950. The final session was convened on January 24, 1950, where two copies of the constitution were signed by each member, one in Hindi and the other in English.

  1. A ‘Bag of Borrowings’: Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is often known as “Bag of Borrowings” as the provisions are borrowed from various foreign constitutions. This includes:

  • The Ideals of Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality came from the French Constitution.
  • Five year plans concept came from the Constitution of USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
  • The “procedure established by Law” was borrowed from the Constitution of Japan.
  • During the Emergency rule, the fundamental rights will be suspended: concept came from Weimar Constitution of Germany.
  • “We the People”: the concept is taken from the US Constitution’s Preamble.
  • Freedom of Trade, Concurrent list, and Service within Country” are inspired by the Australian Constitution.
  • Powers of the federal jury and Office of the Governor are taken from from the Govt. of India Act 1935.
  • Elections of the President of India, Directive Principles concept are taken from the Irish Constitution.

 

  1. The Lion Capital of Ashoka was adopted on the same day

On January 26, 1950, India adopted the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath with the wheel, horse and bull as the National Emblem of India.

  1. The day when the Constitution was signed

It was drizzling outside on the day when the Constitution was assigned and was interpreted as a sign of good omen.

Picture Source: The Hindu

  1. November 26, is not only the date

Every year the Constitution Day is celebrated on November 26 to spread the importance of the constitution and spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar. It was declared by the Government of India on November 19, 2015, as Constitution was adopted on the same date on 1949.

  1. January 26, is not only the date

The date of January 26, was chosen because it coincided with Purna Swaraj’s anniversary (January 26, 1930).

Constitution Of India originally written in Hindi and English Picture Source: Wikimedia

 

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