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NCW Takes Suo Moto Cognizance After Girls Stripped To Check Period Status

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In Gujarat in a girls hostel located in Bhuj, 68 girls were allegedly asked to strip naked to prove their menstruation status after authorities found a sanitary pad in the garden area on campus. The took Suo moto cognizance of the incident was taken by the National Commission for Women(NCW).

This shameful activity was conducted by the principal Rita Raniga and teachers of Sahjanand Girls’ Institute which is run by Swaminarayan Temple followers. The issue arose when a soiled sanitary napkin was found in the garden outside the hostel on Monday. Suspecting one of the students who live in the hostel must have thrown out of the window the hostel authority wanted to find the culprit who violated the menstrual cycle norms of the college.

This was informed to principal Raniga who summoned all the students to the common room to give a severe lecture about the incident and about Swaminarayan sect rules asking the culprit to declare themselves. Two girls did come forward but the principal suspected foul play and checked every student one by one in the washroom in front of four female teachers and the principal herself.

In the statement of a student, it was some sheer mental torture leaving them with no words to describe it. According to another student, these women were interrupted during class and asked to reveal who was on periods after which they forced the people to go through the check-test. In the words of another student, this was routine happening.

The NCW has planned to step in with setting up an enquiry team to look into the matter. NCW has also written to the trustee and principal of Sahjanand Girls’ Institute to give an explanation for the occurrence of such a shameful incident. The chief of Delhi Commission for Women called the whole incident sick and cheap online with a link to the story. Though denied by the trustees, the college is said to mandate graduate students to stay in the hostel and if they do want to attend court hearings they should leave the hostel after signing a declaration denying anything that happened to them.

Authorities of Kutch University have been informed were a five-member team including Darshna Dholakia the vice-chancellor in charge and two other senior female professors visited the college. The students were asked to forget the incident by the college trustee Pravin Pindoria saying that the teachers might have enforced the sect rules a bit strict but the girls should follow as they were already informed of the rules.

Some of these rules involve girls with periods will stay in the basement area and not hostel rooms. They are not allowed to socialize or enter the kitchen or place of worship. They have to keep separate items including utensils and clean all of them after the period is over. What’s worse as girls on their periods are supposed to sit in the last bench of the classrooms.

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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Symptoms, Treatment, Causes

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Chronic Kidney Disease
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Chronic Kidney Disease: If the kidney of an individual is degrading slowly in a progressive manner or unable to function as effectively as it was before since several years then we call it as Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), Chronic Renal Disease, chronic renal failure or chronic kidney disease. It seems more dangerous as it goes undetected and undiagnosed until the damage occurs such that it functions only 25% of the normal kidney.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Anaemia
  • Haematuria (blood in urine)
  • dark urine
  • Frequent urination
  • oedema – swollen feet, handsds, and ankles (face if severe)
  • tiredness
  • high blood pressure
  • insomnia
  • Pruritus-itchy skin, can become persistent
  • loss of appetite
  • erectile dysfunction
  • more frequent urination, especially at night
  • muscle cramps and twitches
  • Bone disease
  • nausea
  • pain on the side or mid to lower back
  • Shortness of breath
  • Proteinuria especially albumin
  • uraemia symptoms- nausea, vomiting, constipation andskin discoloration.
  • Restless legs
  • Neurological changes- difficulty in concentrating, irritability, stupor.
  • Electrolyte disturbances.

CAUSES OF CKD:

  • hereditary5% of all CKD cases are inherited and make up o a higher proportion of end stage renal disease cases.
  • Ischemic nephropathy– renal artery stenosis may cause the kidney to remain under perfusion causing interstitial fibrosis.
  • Hypertensive renal disease–hypertension may cause atherosclerosis which can cause small vessel damage and occlusive endovascular disease.
  • Metabolic diseases– diabetic nephropathy accounts for around 13% of CKD. These patients are at high risk of cardiovascular damage by virtue of both CKD and diabetes.
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis– it comprises 15% of cases of advanced CKD. Most commonly IgA nephropathy.
  • Lower urinary tract disease– they represent 5-10% of all cases of CKD. Conditions include reflux disease, kidney stones, chronic urinary tract infection and prostatic hypertrophy.
  • Unknown cause– In 30% of cases,patient who presented with small kidneys and featureless immunological analyses are found to be of unknown cause.

HOW TO DIAGNOSE?

Although diagnosis may be suspected because of signs and symptoms, family history, drug and social history since genetics or exposure of toxins including herbal, OTC and prescription drugs can be implicated.

  • Functional examination of the kidney may be performed by testing serum and urine showing elevation in serum creatinine levels, potassium, phosphates and acidosis along with decline in levels of calcium and bicarbonates.
  • Complete urine examination along with dipstick test may be performed.
  • Structural assessment of the kidney may be done by using imaging procedures including ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), MRI scan, and intravenousurography and plainabdominalradiography.
  • Even renalbiopsy may be performed, if imaging technique fails.

Chronic Kidney Disease Stages

STAGES OF CKD:-

Based on the severity and extent of damage marked by the levels of GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate)

Stage 1Kidney disease detectedNormal GFR or >90 ml/min
Stage 2Kidney disease detectedGFR mild reduction

60-89 ml/min

Stage 3With or another kidney disease their kidney diseaseMild Moderate decrease

45-59ml/min in stage 3a and moderate severe decrease of 30-44ml/min in stage 3b.

Stage 4Significant Kidney damageSevere reduction 13-29ml/min
Stage 5Renal failure<15 ml/min

COMPLICATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH CKD:

It’s so apparent that the individual with CKD seems to die due to cardiovascular disease than to renal failure.

According to recent studies held in Ludwig Maximillian’s University of Germany, accelerated cardiovascular diseases are found to be a major complication of chronic kidney disease i.e. increase risk of hypertension, dyslipidaemia, atherosclerosis which leads to increased prevalence of coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke, peripheral arterial disease and ultimately vascular injury at the end-stage renal disease.

End-stage renal disease is a point at which life can only be attained by either dialysis or transplantation.

Chronic Kidney Disease TREATMENT:

Symptomatic treatment are done usually by avoiding the conditions that might worsen the renal damage and secondary complications of CKD like renal anaemia and bone disease are treated through medications.

Kidney Disease Diet:

DIETARY MODIFICATIONS IN CKD:

  • Low protein diet-Fruits, Vegetables, Grains such as Rice, oats, bread, pasta, barley, etc. And healthy fats including avocados, olive oil and coconut oil.
  • Sodium restriction– it can be reduced to satisfactory level of 18gm/day.
  • Potassium restricted diet– avoid potassium rich foods like fruit and fruit drinks, vegetables, chocolate, beer, instant coffee and ice cream.
  • Fluid restriction– mainly during oedema, daily fluid intake should be restricted to 1-3 litres, depending on patient urine output. Fluid allowance may be ingested in any form like fruits, soups, medicines. However fluid restriction is difficult to maintain, sucking ice cubes may relieve unpleasantly dry mouth but patient should not swallow the melted water.
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What are the symptoms of Covid-19? What precautions can be taken?

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Coronavirus reaches in Delhi and Telangana
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As we all know, a new virus known as a severe acute respiratory syndrome, also known as SARS-CoV 2 has been doing the rounds now that is the result of a disease outbreak in China in December 2019. This disease is called as coronavirus or Covid-19.

It is a serious type of family of viruses that are known to cause severe illness such as severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS), common cold and middle east respiratory syndrome(MERS).

The cases of Covid-19 has seemed to be increasing ever since and has been growing all over the world now. W.H.O. declared the disease to be a global pandemic in March 2020.

The scientists have been working ever since to find out the method to stop this disease. Doctors are working day and night to cure the patients. Doctors and scientists from all over the world have been trying to come up with an antidote or a vaccine but have not yet been able to come up with any such good news so far.

Now, the first question that pops up in our head is how does it spread? What are the symptoms? Is there any way to protect ourselves from it?

Well, we have got answers to all your questions, let’s have a look.

How does the disease spread?

The new coronavirus disease is said to be spread

  • from person to person who is in close contact with each other
  • it can also spread from contact with droplets from an infected person’s sneeze or cough
  • touching of places or objects that have sneeze or cough droplets of an infected person

 

What are the symptoms of the disease?

The symptoms of the virus can range anywhere from mild illness to pneumonia. While some people are likely to recover easily while some may not. The symptoms f the disease are most likely to be observed within 14 days.

People experiencing Covid-19 may experience:

  • flu
  • coughing, fatigue, sore throat like symptoms
  • shortness of breath
  • fever

what precautions that we can take?

 According to the CDC and WHO, these are the following precautions that you can take to avoid getting the pandemic disease:

  • Avoid large gatherings
  • Sanitize or wash your hands every 10 mins. Use a sanitizer with 60% alcohol content.
  • Wear a mask whenever you go out
  • Do not touch your face
  • Avoid close contact with people (around 6 feet) with anyone who is sick or has such symptoms
  • Clean and disinfect your regular places often
  • Always cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief or your elbow when you sneeze.
  • Avoid eating uncooked or raw meat
  • Maintain social distancing by staying at home.

What can I do I am or might be having coronavirus?

if you have been faced to any symptoms mentioned above then:

  • Contact a doctor immediately and get yourself checked
  • Inform your doctor if you have traveled internationally or you are in close contact with anyone.
  • Inform the doctor before visiting so that they can disinfect and can be prepared so that others are not harmed.

If you have been exposed to the pandemic coronavirus then:

  • Self-quarantine yourself
  • Avoid going out or using any public transportations
  • Wear a mask around other family members and maintain a distance from them
  • Don’t share your room, bed bathroom, dishes, bathroom or anything with other people.
  • Follow your doctor’s recommendations completely
  • Keep a track of your illness
  • You may need to be admitted in a hospital if you are very ill

As we can see, Covid-19 might be the biggest event in the history of mankind which can be very harmful as in a lot of cases of these diseases have experienced deaths. So do not take this lightly and follow the precautions strictly and maintain social distancing yourself right now to keep yourself and people around you safe and secure!

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How to make DIY hand Sanitizer at home: The Pandemic essential

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DIY hand Sanitizer : With coronavirus knocking at our doors, the foremost precautionary step that the medical professionals and doctors are focusing on is to keep your hands clean all the time.

The best way to do that is to frequently wash your hands using a soap thoroughly in front and back and under the fingernails as well for not less than 20 seconds. Using a hand sanitizer is no substitute for washing your hands using a bar of soap. Though for people who do not have a luxury of a washbasin at work, traveling or public places the best outcome is the hand sanitizer.

As we all know, the hand sanitizers are vanishing off from the shelves from all shops due to heavy demand, it has become very difficult to maintain your hygiene. So here is an easy way out, make a batch of some for yourself and your family members to have precautions.

Note: be careful and very accurate with the measurements of your ingredients. Make sure that an effective hand sanitizer must have 60% alcohol. You can opt for isopropanol, also known as rubbing alcohol that is easily available in all pharmaceutical shops or you can go for ethanol.

How to make DIY hand Sanitizer at home

Ingredients:

  • 1/3 cup of aloe vera gel( it can be natural or store-bought as well)
  • 2/3 cup of 91% of isopropyl alcohol(rubbing alcohol)
  • 15 drops of lemongrass, tea tree or eucalyptus oil.

Procedure:

Step 1: take the alcohol and pour it in a medium-sized bowl along with a spout.

Step 2: add the aloe vera gel to it (Note: if you are planning to use the natural one then you might have to rub the final product more on the hands for it to absorb as the natural gel is thicker)

Step 3: now add the essential oil to the bowl

Step 4: once you have put all the ingredients, whisk and beat it till you see a smooth gel-forming.

Step 5: now sanitize a bottle and pour the sanitizer and you are good to go.

Note: you can sanitize your bottle by using alcohol and spraying it all over and letting it settle down until it gets evaporated.

Now that you know how to make a DIY sanitizer, you can easily make it at home as it is very effective and super easy to make. You don’t have to panic anymore or spend a ton of money when you cant find sanitizers in the market. You can now be ready to take precautions from coronavirus pandemic through the help of this easy to make hand sanitizers at home and keep yourself clean!

Also, Read (Coronavirus Travel Advice: Measures to Protect Yourself From Coronavirus While Travelling

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Coronavirus Travel Advice: Measures to Protect Yourself From Coronavirus While Travelling

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Coronavirus Travel Advice: Measures to Protect Yourself From Coronavirus While Travelling
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Coronavirus Travel Advice: The Centre of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has also issued travel advise, cautioning people travelling to other countries or those countries which are having Corona Virus patients put on level-1 alert and appealing them to avoid non-essential travel in those countries. High-risk countries like China, South Korea, Iran, Italy have been tagged level-3, which is by far, the highest.
Coronavirus symptoms start off with simply through cold and then serve big problem like respiratory infections, pneumonia and kidney infections. Try to Avoid travelling to infection-laden areas is your best bet to protect against Coronavirus if you cannot restrict, change or avoid travelling altogether.

Here are a few preventive measures given by expert which help you to keep yourself safe while travelling.

Coronavirus Travel Advice

Wash your Hand

A basic hygiene habit is washing your hands rigorously can lessen the risk of infection spread. When you travel, you come in contact with a lot of places and things which can be a breeding house for germs. While many use a sanitizer, remember, they can only act as a backup and not replace the effectiveness of handwashing. It is recommended that you wash your hands under hot water for a minimum of 20-30 seconds to kill germs.

Use Quality food and water

When you are travelling to unknown places, you can’t be fully sure of the quality or purity of food and water. It might also happen that your stomach bacteria might not react well to the local produce. Hence, you should be particularly aware of food contamination of any kind.

Avoid contact with animals and poultry

Since coronavirus infections spread primarily through the poultry market, ensure that any food you consume while you travel is thoroughly cooked, not raw and goes through quality checks. Avoid eating any product which is left exposed for a long time. Be wary of coming in contact with live animals and poultry.

Also Read (Coronavirus Kills First Patient Outside China)

Consult with your Doc before travelling

Although there is no available vaccine available for COVID-19, getting vital flu and infection shots are a good way to lower your chances of developing or catching a common cold, flu and influenza viruses which are all linked to the spread of coronavirus infection and reduce the risk of respiratory infections as well. If you are travelling internationally, consult your healthcare professional for necessary travel advice.

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Africa

No known Ebola Cases Reported Since July 2018 While Officials Celebrate Last Patient Release

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On Tuesday, the World Health Organization (WHO) said, that the last patient being treated for Ebola in Congo was discharged bringing the 19-month-old outbreak closer than ever to an end. The patient’s release from a hospital in the eastern city of Beni was celebrated by the hospital staff who sang, danced and drummed on trash cans. This marks the first instance where there have been no active cases reported since the start of August 2018 when the outbreak was declared.

During that time, 2,264 people were killed and nearly 1,200 more people were infected, making this the second-worst Ebola outbreak in history after the 2013-16 epidemic in West Africa which was deadlier, killing more than 11,000.
It has been 14 days without any new confirmed cases in Congo. After 42 days have passed without a new case — equivalent to two cycles of 21 days, the maximum incubation period for the virus, the outbreak can be declared over

At a briefing on Tuesday the director-general of the WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus hailed the developments as “very good news, not just for me, but for the whole world,” while the United Nations-appointed co-ordinator for response efforts said he would be stepping down to return to his previous job with the UN peacekeeping mission in Congo.

However, Tarik Jasarevic who is a spokesperson for WHO cautioned that the outbreak might not be over yet, stating difficulties in tracking cases in eastern Congo, where there is a widespread of militia violence. Even though cases have declined in the last month and Ebola was overshadowed by the rapid spread of coronavirus around the world, the WHO claimed that it continues to believe that the outbreak is an international health emergency.

This outbreak — Congo’s tenth since 1976 — came soon after another outbreak of a smaller range ended in another part of the country in 2018. Dense tropical forests of Congo are considered a natural reservoir for the disease. The patient released on Tuesday, after receiving her survivor’s certificate. Semida Masika said she was happy to be headed home.

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