The Central government of India tells the Supreme Court that women commanders might not be suitable for male troops in Army as male troops are still not ready to accept woman officers. Greater family demands and danger of women being taken as prisoners of war have been cited to oppose the existing plea of a few women officers for commander posts after they have received a permanent commission.
It has been said that the rank and file being male and are from rural backgrounds which still follows prevailing societal norms the troops are still not mentally schooled to accept women commanding officers. The government also mentions that male and female officers cannot be treated at the same level when it comes to positions because they have different physical standards and exposures.
The bench of Justices DY Chandrachud and Ajay Rastogi was told by Senior advocate R Balasubramanian and lawyer Neela Gokhale that induction of women to such high posts would change the dynamic of the armed forces. They even claim that physiological limitations are more as the challenges of confinement, motherhood and childcare are added.
Advocating against Centre’s plea and representing women officers, Meenakshi Lekhi and Aishwarya Bhatti told the court about how many women officers have shown exceptional braveries and gave examples of people like Minty Agarwal who was awarded Yudh Seva Medal and Mitali Madhumita who was awarded, Sena Medal. But in response, the Centre said that being armed forces require sacrifice and commitment beyond family as there would be separations, frequent transfers affecting the education of children and career prospects of a spouse as women would mostly be absent during pregnancy, motherhood and domestic obligations towards their children and families.
Balasubramanian tells the court that the Centre is ready to give permanent commission to women officers who have served for more than 14 years in the Amry but nothing more than that. He even tells that all aspects were detailed and considered by the Centre while formulating this policy by keeping national security and operational effectiveness. It would be a lot of physical, mental and psychological stress if a woman takes over the post.
The bench also hints that such a bar against women officers for holding commands is not right and army should allow women to hold commanding forces as per requirements. They even said that there was a similar resistance when it came to women in the police but now women are doing extremely well in the police force.
REPUBLIC DAY 2020: Amazing Facts You Should Know About Indian Constitution
Republic Day is celebrated every year in India on January 26 to honour the Constitution of India replacing the Government of India Act (1935). On November 26, 1949, the Indian Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly but was legally enforced only after two months on January 26, 1950, with a democratic government system and has now survived 7 decades.
Even after Independence on August 15, 2020, India was depended on the Government of India Act 1935 which is a modified version of the British law. Then just after 2 weeks later only, August 29, 1947, the drafting committee was appointed where Dr B R Ambedkar was the chairman.
This year, 2020, India will be celebrating its 71st Republic Day!
Here we have shared some amazing facts you should know about the Indian Constitution.
Indian Constitution is the Longest Constitution in the World
The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of any country on earth that sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. At about 145,000 words, it had 450 articles which are divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules. It started with 395 articles and 8 schedules.
Dr Ambedkar, Father of the Indian Constitution, Was Ready to Burn It
Father of the Indian Constitution, Dr BR Ambedkar told this in the Rajya Sabha on September 2, 1953, while debating how a Governor in the country should be invested with more powers.
“My friends tell me that I have made the Constitution. But I am quite prepared to say that I shall be the first person to burn it out. I do not want it. It does not suit anybody. But whatever that maybe if our people want to carry on they must not forget that there are majorities and there are minorities and they simply cannot ignore the minorities by saying, “Oh, no. To recognize you is to harm democracy.” I should say that the greatest harm will come by injuring the minorities”
The Whole Constitution is handwritten!
The original Constitution is handwritten by Prem Behari Narain which took 6 months. It was neither Typed nor Printed. He used 254 pen-holder nibs of NO.303 and followed Raizada, italic style with beautiful calligraphy.
Prem Behari Narain didn’t even ask for any remuneration. Just requested to write his name on every page of the constitution and on the last page, the name of his grandfather with his name.
The Constitution of India has a Preamble
The constitution has a preamble also known as “FACE OF THE CONSTITUTION”. The preamble sets out the aims and aspirations of the people of India that declares India to be Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic, and secures to all its citizens Justice, Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.
Constitution has been amended 104 times
There have been 104 amendments as of January 2019 in Indian Constitution since it was first enacted in 1950. In the first 62 years, only 94 times the Constitution was amended.
Each Page of Constitution Was Decorated By Artists from Shantiniketan
The artwork of the Constitution was decorated by artists from Shantiniketan including Nandalal Bose Beohar and Rammanohar Sinha, along with his students.
Acharya Nandalal Bose in Kala Bhawan, Shantiniketan, painted the major images and guided his students in designing other artwork.
The preamble was decorated by one of Nandalal Bose’s student, Beohar Rammanohar Sinha.
Time Taken To Write Indian Constitution
It took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days) constitution to draft the constitution with the help of 389-member assembly which got reduced to 299 after the partition of India. The assembly holds eleven sessions over a 165-day period where 2,473 amendments were moved, discussed and disposed of out of a total of 7,635.
B.R. Ambedkar studied the constitutions of about 60 countries
As a wise constitutional expert and also known as Father of Constitution of India, B.R. Ambedkar has studied the constitutions of about 60 countries.
Fundamental Rights Guaranteed by the Indian Constitution
Part III of the Constitution of India guarantees the ‘Fundamental Rights’ to all the citizens of India that includes:
- Right To Equality – Articles 14, 15, 16,17, 18
- Right To Freedom- Articles 19, 20, 21, 22
- Right To Exploitation- Articles 23 and 24
- Right To Freedom of Religion- Articles 25 to 28
- Cultural And Educational Rights- Articles 29 and 30
- Right To Constitutional Remedies- Article 32
When And Where Constitution was Published
The Indian of the constitution was published in Dehradun and photolithographed by the Survey of India. It became the law of India on January 26, 1950. The final session was convened on January 24, 1950, where two copies of the constitution were signed by each member, one in Hindi and the other in English.
A ‘Bag of Borrowings’: Constitution of India
The Constitution of India is often known as “Bag of Borrowings” as the provisions are borrowed from various foreign constitutions. This includes:
- The Ideals of Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality came from the French Constitution.
- Five year plans concept came from the Constitution of USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
- The “procedure established by Law” was borrowed from the Constitution of Japan.
- During the Emergency rule, the fundamental rights will be suspended: concept came from Weimar Constitution of Germany.
- “We the People”: the concept is taken from the US Constitution’s Preamble.
- Freedom of Trade, Concurrent list, and Service within Country” are inspired by the Australian Constitution.
- Powers of the federal jury and Office of the Governor are taken from from the Govt. of India Act 1935.
- Elections of the President of India, Directive Principles concept are taken from the Irish Constitution.
The Lion Capital of Ashoka was adopted on the same day
On January 26, 1950, India adopted the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath with the wheel, horse and bull as the National Emblem of India.
The day when the Constitution was signed
It was drizzling outside on the day when the Constitution was assigned and was interpreted as a sign of good omen.
November 26, is not only the date
Every year the Constitution Day is celebrated on November 26 to spread the importance of the constitution and spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar. It was declared by the Government of India on November 19, 2015, as Constitution was adopted on the same date on 1949.
January 26, is not only the date
The date of January 26, was chosen because it coincided with Purna Swaraj’s anniversary (January 26, 1930).
NCPA’s 50th Anniversary Milestone
Marking its 50-year milestone, the ‘National Centre for the Performing Arts’ (NCPA); India’s Premier Cultural Institution, announced its 3 days “ADD ART” festival showcasing a plethora of performances across various categories and genres therein, from the 29th of November to the 1st of December.
Aimed at the portrayal of its philosophy: “Adding Art to daily lives”, this festival celebrates 5 decades of NCPA’s initiatives and commemorates the wealthy cultural diversity and richness of Indian society through the ages. On this occasion, NCPA also released its new logo, marking this golden day of the history of the institution.
The festival, ranging over 3 days, was declared open on the eve of its commencement with an opening night gala on the 28th of November with an exquisite performance by the Symphony Orchestra of India.
Commenting on this special occasion Mr. Khushroo N. Suntook, Chairman NCPA said, “We are proud to announce the NCPA ADD ART FESTIVAL celebrating the glorious 50 years of the NCPA. It has been a long and exciting journey for everyone who has been associated with us. The 50th year milestone will serve as a direction for us to grow and be an integral part of the cultural life of not only Mumbai but the whole nation. With our constant endeavor to project only the best performances across the country and internationally, NCPA is truly becoming a beacon of culture”.
The 3-day celebrations include a wide range of events. From performances by well-known Indian artists such as Amit Tandon and Zakir Khan to Grammy and Billboard award-winning artist, Arturo Sandoval, this festival has a lot to offer. It also featured the talents of the students of the NCPA in a very special performance. Spoken poetry features, theatrical plays, comedic-musical crossovers are some of the many activities one could witness this weekend. A special ballet performance from the Abay Kazakh State Academy Theatre of Opera & Ballet featuring excerpts from the works of Chopiniana and Tchaikovsky was absolutely spectacular and was easily the highlight of last night’s visuals.
Today, the 1st December, marking the final day of the festival, focuses on a very special event unlike any other. This event titled “Morn to Dusk” which is scheduled to run from 9 am to 9 pm, is an amalgamation of performances by Indian music legends such as Rashid Khan, Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia and Aditi Mangaldas. The day is set to conclude with a sensational performance by Roysten Abel and is known as “The Manganiyar seduction” as it calls together Manganiyar musicians to create an environment of soulfulness and magic.
Besides these major events, the visitors can also enjoy the scrumptious food traditions showcased from around the world at the NCPA campus, peep into the various screenings, workshops, and lectures taking place, thus making the entire experience, a wholesome and well-rounded one.
To make your lazy Sunday a little more energetic, head to the NCPA and join in on the last leg of the celebrations of culture and heritage of our Mother India.
So go on, ADD ART to your lives!
Sharada Peeth Corridor: A Ray of Hope for Hindus Pilgrims
In a major breakthrough for the Indian Government, the Pakistan Government has given a nod for construction of a corridor that will allow the Hindu Pilgrims and especially Kashmiri Pandits, for whom it is one of the most important tirtha, to visit the Sharada Peeth.
This corridor would be second in line after Pakistan approved the construction of Kartarpur corridor which will allow Sikhs to visit Gurudwara Darbar Sahib in Kartarpur, Pakistan.
Meaning of Sharda Peeth
Now you must be wondering what Sharada Peeth is and what is its significance? Basically, Sharada Peeth derives its name from Sharada, Kashmiri name for Hindu Goddess Saraswati, who is the Hindu Goddess of Learning. By Sharada Peeth we mean the Seat of Sharda.
It is one of the 18 Mahashakti Peeths that are believed to be the fallen body parts of Hindu Goddess, Sati, the first wife of Lord Shiva.
Significance for Hindus
Having mentioned that it is an important tirtha for Hindus, let us first know what a tirtha is. A tirtha is a Hindu place of pilgrimage where the Hindu Gods are worshipped, a temple in short which has its location along a river. So, what makes it different from a normal temple? A tirtha is thousand years old and is of historical significance whereas a temple may not be that old.
The Sharada peeth along with Martand Sun Temple and the Amarnath Temple form the three most important tirthas for the Kashmiri Pandits.
Access to Sharda Peeth has been denied to Hindus since 1949, after Pakistan occupied part of Kashmir.
Sharada Peeth has been the school of learning for various Indian Scholars such as Kalhana, Adi Shankara, Vairotsana, Kumarajiva and Thonmi Sambhota. Also, texts written by Panini and other Hindu scholars were stored in Sharda School of Learning.
There is a strong belief among Kashmiri Pandits that three forms of Goddess Shakti namely Sharada (goddess of learning), Saraswati (goddess of knowledge) and Vagdevi (goddess of speech, which articulates power) reside here.
There is a strong belief that during the Sharada Peeth pilgrimage, if the devotees bathe in the confluence of rivers Kishenganga and Madhumatī streams will get rid of all their sins.
After discussing the importance that the temple holds, a brief scenario of its location is obviously required. The temple lies in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. It is 150 kms away from Muzaffarabad and 130 kms away Srinagar (capital of Jammu & Kashmir). It is also 10 kms away from LoC and is along River Neelam in village Sharda, the valley of Mount Harmukh, which is believed by Kashmiri Pandits to be the abode of Lord Shiva.
Although most of the structure is in ruins, it is immaterial for Hindus because of its religious significance.
5 Indian women who are shining at the global level
In an International survey held in 2018, India has been ranked first in World’s most dangerous nations for women. This indicates the safety issue and of an Indian woman. But there are many Indian women who crossed such hurdles and rocking the world. They have their own struggles, stories, and milestones. All these women inspire us to rise and shine. Let’s see who these women are.
1. Priyanka Chopra
Her name has to be the first on this list. She was crowned as “Miss World” in 2000 and she is still carrying that crown of being favorite of this whole world. This versatile Bollywood actress who has performed in more than 50 movies is the first Indian star to get such global fame.
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Thank you @forbes! Honoured to be a part of such an exclusive and illustrious list of #PowerWomen in the world for the second time.. It's a reminder to stay hungry, keep pushing the status quo and continuing to do what I love. And on that note…#backtowork #ForbesTop100MostPowerfulWomen
She is the first Asian lady to get featured on the cover of American Vogue magazine. Her name was there under Forbes’s 100 Most Powerful Women in The World. Also, she is the only global icon to have 4 Madame Tussaud honors. This list just goes on. Are we not inspired yet?
2. Lily Singh
The Indo-Canadian owner of the Unicorn Island Productions and YouTube Channel ‘Superwoman’, Lily Singh has already proved that she is the superwoman in her real life.
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This incredibly inspirational piece was brought into our world by Loly Songe herself, the amazing @iisuperwomanii ! If you ever feel like not being able to accomplish your goals and need some tough love to get your butt on the road to success, this is clearly the book you need to read! . . . #bawsebook #teamsuper #inspiration
From being an author of the best-selling book called “How to Be a Bawse: A Guide to Conquering Life” to collaborate with Michelle Obama and Priyanka Chopra, it is difficult to believe that she just started with a YouTube Channel. She was also seen in some music videos and films as a cameo.
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______________________________________________________ More smiling, less worrying. More compassion, less judgment. More blessed, less stressed. More love, less hate.????????????? _______________________________________________________ #womenfashion #iisuperwomanii #teamsuper #unicornisland #sikh #womensupportwomen #lillysingh #womensfashion #womenempowerment #women #womenswear #sneakercommunity #sneaker? #womeninspiringwomen #hairstyles #stylist #bawse #bawsebook #bawselipstick #at2ui #india #menswear #lillysingh #makeupgoalsaff #mensfashion #clothing #apparel #teamsupermom
3. Indra Nooyi
This Indian lady was the CEO of the world’s second-largest food and beverage company PepsiCo for 12 years. She was ranked several times among the World’s Most Powerful Women list of Forbes and Fortune.
She was also on Time’s 100 Most Influential People In The World. She was also in the list of one of the best CEOs in the world by CEOWORLD Magazine. U.S. World reports mentioned her as one of America’s best leaders.
In 2009, Noori was recognized as CEO Of The Year by Global Supply Chain Leaders Group. NDTV included her in the list of 25 Greatest Global Living Legends. She is the real inspiration for all the women who think that they cannot rise in patriarchal society.
4. Bela Bajaria
Bela Bajaria is the Vice President of World’s leading internet entertainment service, Netflix. She leads the team responsible for working with studios. Before joining Netflix, she was President of Universal Television. She was the President of Hollywood Radio and Television Society and now she is the board member of Television Academy.
— Natalie Jarvey (@natjarv) February 15, 2018
She has been honored by “I have a dream” foundation of LA. Bela always implements her Indian side at her workplace, and she thinks Indian roots inspire her to be what she is.
5. Geeta Menon
Geeta Menon, a woman of Indian origin is the 11th Dean at New York University Stern School Business. Menon was listed as one of the most influential Global Indian women by The Economics Time. She served as a visiting professor at the Indian School of Business in 2009 and 2011. In 2010, she was the President of the Association for Consumer Research (ACR).
There are many such women who are shutting the stereotypes down and finding their own dreams to live them. All the ladies that are listed above are a true inspiration to all of us and they inspire us to dream, dare and do.
Source Information : All the factual facts about public figures are collected from their wikipedia page and their social media accounts. Some of the facts such as their name in particular list are collected from the official websites of the list announcer.
India ripped into Pakistan, portraying it as “terroristan.”
India slammed Pakistan for its support to terrorism, labelling it as “Terroristan”. Applying its right to respond in the general debate at the ongoing UN General Assembly Session.
Pakistani Prime Minister Shahid Abbasi report that “the struggle” of the people in Kashmir is “viciously suppresse by India”. To this Eenam Gambhir, First Secretary in India’s Permanent Mission to the UN, supposed in reply that “In its short account, Pakistan has become a geography synonymous with fright.
Gambhir added that “The hunt for the land of pure has, in fact, produced a ‘land of pure terror. Pakistan is currently ‘Terroristan’ with an affluent industry manufacturing plus exporting global terrorism.”
Gambhir said that the existing state of Pakistan can be measured from the fact that Hafiz Saeed, chief of the UN-designated terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba, was now looking for to be legitimise as a head of a political party.
She portrays Pakistan as a country whose counter-terrorism strategy is to “mainstream plus upstream terrorists”. By offering safe havens to global terror leaders in its military township, or defending them with political careers”.
It is an apparent reference to Al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden being followed down and abolished by US forces in Pakistan’s Abbottabad city.
Uttering that nothing can validate Pakistan’s greedy efforts to long for territories of its neighbours, Gambhir supposed: ” Pakistan must recognise that the state of Jammu and Kashmir is and will always be a vital part of India. Though much it scales up cross-border terrorism, it will never thrive in undermining India’s territorial veracity.”
Mocking Pakistan for its grievance regarding the consequences it faced for its counterterrorism pains, she alleged that “the polluter, is paying the price”.
She added that “Terroristan is, in fact, a province whose gift to the globalisation of terror is unparallel.”
Gambhir got the support of an Afghan envoy. He spoke following her, regarding Abbasi’s allegations concerning terrorism coming to Islamabad from Kabul.
The Afghan diplomat inquired where did Mullah Omar, Osama, and his successor Mullah Akhtar Mansoor expire. They also replied they were locations in Pakistan.
He added “That was the nation from which more than 20 international terrorist organisations are approaching Afghanistan. Even Abbasi had confessed that those who carried out the May 31st bomb attack in Kabul. It killed more than 150 populace may arrive from his country.”
Eenam Gambhir, who stole the show preceding year. She vocally pummeled former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and delivers the unforgettable line: “The land of Taxila, one of the greatest erudition centres of ancient times, is currently host to the Ivy League of terrorism.” She packed evenly powerful punches adjacent to Abbasi this year.
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