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Vande Bharat Express : IRCTC 22436 (Delhi-Varanasi) Train 18 : Route, Ticket Booking, Timings, Time Table, Fare, Schedule

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Vande Bharat Express

Under Government’s ambitious “Make in India initiative”, Train 18, also known as Vande Bharat Express, was launched on 15th of February 2019.

The semi-high-speed intercity train took 18 months for its completion at Integral Coach Factory, Chennai. After being named as Vande Bharat Express on 27th of January 2019, the unit cost of the first rake is 100 crores and the cost will go down as the production of the train increases.

Although the train’s press run on 16th of February 2019 suffered with the jamming of the brakes, the morning of 17th of February 2019 saw Train 18’s successful first commercial run. Operating five days (Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday) a week, the train commences its journey at 6 a.m. from New Delhi Railway Station and reaches Varanasi Cantt Railway Station, via Kanpur and Prayagraj, at 2 p.m., covering a distance of 769 kms within a time span of 8 hours.

Reducing the traveling time by 15 percent, the train’s regenerative braking system reduces the electricity cost by 30 percent.

With a speed of 160 k mph, the train has outpaced Shatabdi Express. It contains automatic doors, bio-vacuum toilets, GPS enabled compartments, Wi-Fi facility and automatic climate control as well.

Vande Bharat Express 22436 (Delhi-Varanasi) Timings, Time Table

Train 18’s return journey commences at 3 pm from Varanasi Cantt Railway Station on the same day and it reaches New Delhi Railway Station at 11pm.

With an aim of incorporating sleeper cars by May 2019, the train consists of 16 passenger cars with 1128 seating capacity in total.

Vande Bharat Express 22436 (Delhi-Varanasi) Ticket Booking, Fare,

Having 52 seats each, there are 2 executive class coaches at the center with a fare of Rs 3300 per seat and with a capacity of 78 passengers per car, the fare of chair car is Rs 1755 per seat.

The driver coach is installed at the end of the train so as to allow a faster turnaround at each end of the line. Attaining a speed of 180 kmph during its trials, Vande Bharat Express set a record of the highest speed any train in India has reached during its trail runs.

With an aim to replace intercity sleeper trains like Rajdhani Express, the Government plans to launch Train 20 as a successor to Vande Bharat Express.

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Article 370 and 35(A) scrapped: What changed in Jammu and Kashmir?

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Article 370 and 35(A) scrapped

Article 370 and Article 35(A) which gives Jammu and Kashmir special status and a host of special rights have been effectively revoked by the Government of India. About of 351 lawmakers voted in favour of the motion, whereas 72 MPs opposed the proposal. Indian President Ram Nath Kovind signed the official notification-declared provisions of Article 370 inoperative and there will be two Lieutenant Governors. It was a bold and far-reaching decision one can take. The government also introduced a bill, The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019, which will bifurcate the state into two Union territories:

  • Jammu and Kashmir (will have a legislature like Delhi and Puducherry), keeping internal security situation into mind,
  • Ladakh (will not have a legislature).

Home Minister Amit Shah said, responding to the debate in Lok Sabha, that revoking Article 370 is necessary as it undermines the parliament of India and it even does not reach Jammu and Kashmir. For a long time, Pakistan was using this to instigate separatism in the hearts of people of Jammu and Kashmir.

BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) strictly believes in norms: (One flag, one Constitution and one leader). Ek Nishan, Ek Vidhan Aur Ek Pradhan. And this proved when Article 370 was revoked and Article 35(A) scrapped.

This was the most unprecedented political moves in the country taken by Narendra Modi and undoubtedly will be debated for weeks.

What Article 370 is all about?

Article 370 comes under Part XXI of the Constitution. The provisions of Article 370 are in respect with “Temporary, Transitional and Special provisions granting special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir. The provision was drafted in 1947 by Sheikh Abdullah, the prime minister of J&K at that time appointed by Maharaja Hari Singh and Jawaharlal Nehru, which came into force on 1952.

According to the article, the union government require the state government’s concurrence to apply laws except in foreign affairs, defence, finance and communications. This means that Jammu and Kashmir’s residents live under a separate set of laws with respect to citizenship, fundamental rights, and ownership of property, as compared to other states of Indians.

What Article 35(A) is all about?

Article 35(A) comes under article 370, inserted via the Constitution (Application to J&K) Order, 1954. The article is also known as Permanent Residents Law which allows the state legislature to define the Jammu and Kashmir’s, permanent residents.

What will change in Jammu and Kashmir?

BasisBefore Article 370After Article 370
J&K Constitution scrappedJ&K was the only state to have a separate constitution in the country which grants special status and autonomy.The separate constitution ceases to exist.
Properties in J&KOnly J&K’s residents have the right to buy and sell properties in the state.Any Indian citizen will be able to buy and sell properties in J&K.
Separate flagUse to have two different flags- India and the state.No separate flag
Article 360Financial emergency not applicableThe financial emergency will be applicable
Right To Information (RTI)Was not applicableWill be applicable. No restriction on filing RTI.
Duration of Legislative AssemblyDuration of Legislative Assembly for 6 yearsAssembly duration in Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir will be for 5 years.
Union TerritoryJ&K was the state with special autonomous status.The state will be bifurcated with two union territories: J&K and Ladakh
LadakhWas a part of Jammu & KashmirWill be a separate Union Territory without a legislature.

 

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The Kargil War: History and Timeline   

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Late Prime Minister of India with the war heroes

  

“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him, but because he loves what is behind him”. Such is the thinking of the heroes protecting us day and night at the border. India and Pakistan have been fighting for more than 70 years, right from the day both the countries got their independence. While few of them are fought on the front foot, the majority of the wars fought are proxy. On 26th July 2019, one of the biggest wars fought between the two countries, The Kargil War, completed 2 decades. The Kargil War, like all other wars fought between India & Pakistanwas initiated by Pakistan and one must remember “Violence Begets Violence”.  

History of Kashmir 

The War history of both countries is horrifying. Both nations share the same issue or have the same reason for fighting with each other, that is, Jammu and Kashmir. Neither of the two is ready to give up its stake or claim on the state. According to the Instrument of Accession, Kashmir belonged to India as the then ruler of the state, Raja Hari Singh, willingly became a part of India in 1947. But even after this, one-third portion of Kashmir is occupied by Pakistan and is called POK by India. The rest, which is in India is called IOK or India Occupied Kashmir, in Pakistan. Today we shall discuss the Kargil War and pay respect and gratitude to the brave hearts who have laid down their lives for us and haven’t asked for anything in return.  

  

About Kargil   

Before knowing about the Kargil War, it is important to know about the place KargilKargil, as it is known today, was earlier called Purig. But its name was changed to Kargil. The name Kargil has a meaning. It is derived from the words Khar and rKil. While the former means castle, the latter signifies centre. Thus, Kargil means a place centering many kingdoms. Before 1947, the towns Kargil and Skardu were a part of British India, separated by a distance of 103 km. It was after 1947, after the partition of India and Pakistan, that Skardu became a part of Pakistan and Kargil was added to India.   

 

Before The Kargil War    

Both India and Pakistan have signed numerous treaties in order to reduce tension between the two countries and resolve disputes. As on 21st September 2012, 47 treaties have been signed between the two nations. Out of these 11 are related to the Kashmir issue. The one which was the most recent at that time was the Lahore Declaration. Ironically this agreement was signed just four months before the Kargil War. We would not explore the Lahore Declaration in-depth as of now, it is another story in itself, but will get a slight idea about this. According to the Lahore Declaration, an understanding or an agreement was made between the two nations regarding the development of atomic weapons and to ensure that no accidental and unauthorized use of nuclear weapons is done. The agreement was signed in view of atomic tests that both the nations conducted in the year 1998. It was assumed that the relations between both the nations would improve after signing of the Lahore Declaration. 

The Kargil War or Operation Vijay    

Before this war, there were less than the required number of soldiers guarding the 300 km Indian border, under an assumption that there is no tension at the border and that there is no need to have soldiers in large numbers at the border. There were several flaws on our side. The region, due to its terrain, was difficult to access and the technology back then wasn’t that advanced. Aerial equipment like drones were not even invented. Also, during winters, the borders of both the nations of that place were left unguarded because of extreme climatic conditions. So obviously Pakistan took advantage of this.    

Pakistani troops, in the month of February, infiltrated at 132 points within the Indian boundary. The areas were between Zojila and Leh, MushkohDrasKargilBatalik and Turtuk sub-sectors, to be more precise.    

It was on the 3rd of May, 1999, that local shepherds reported about this infiltration. The Army at first assumed these Pakistani troops to be Kashmiri Separatists and assured to send them back as early as possible. Little did they know that the magnitude of the planned attack was much larger.      

5th May 1999: Group of five soldiers lead by Captain Saurabh Kalia were sent to check this infiltration.    

9th May 1999: Army Ammunition Dump in Kargil damaged by Pakistan. 

26th May 1999: IAF launched airstrikes against the Pakistani Troops.    

27th May 1999: MiG-21 and MiG-27 shot down by Pakistan and Flt Lt Nachiketa taken as Prisoner of War.    

28th May 1999:  India’s Ml-17 shot down and four soldiers were killed.   

1st June 1999: Pakistan bombed NH1.   

6th June 1999: Indian Army retaliated by attacking the Pakistani troops in Kargil. 

9th June 1999: Two key positions re-captured by the Indian Army in Batalic Sector.    

13th June 1999: Indian Army secured Tololing in Dras.    

29th June 1999: Indian Army captured Point 5060 and Point 5100 near Tiger Hill. 

4th July 1999: Tiger Hill recaptured by Indian Army.    

5th July 1999:  Dras taken back by the Indian Army. Nawaz Sharif announced Pakistan’s withdrawal from Kargil.    

7th July 1999: Jubar Heights snatched back by India   

14th July 1999: Operation Vijay declared successful by the then Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee    

India won the Kargil War and forced Pakistan to return. We have mentioned Captain Saurabh Kalia and his five soldiers, let us know what happened to them.   

  Captain Saurabh Kalia    

 Troops were sent to combat the infiltration situation. Six soldiersLt Saurabh Kalia, Sepoys Arjun Ram, Bhanwar Lal BagariaBhika Ram, Moola Ram, and Naresh Sing were captured by Pakistanis and tortured to death. Captain Saurabh Kalia was the one who reported that the intrusion was done on a larger scale.  All of them were held captive by Pakistani Troops for 20 days. Their bodies were handed over on the 9th of June 1999 and the amount of torture that they were inflicted with was evident from the condition of their mutilated bodies. A person experiences enormous pain when he/she gets brushed off by a candle flame. As for those five soldiers, the pain that they experienced cannot be described in words. Before shooting them dead with bullets, their bodies were burnt with cigarettes, their eardrums were pierced with hot iron rods, eyes were punctured then removed, teeth broken, bones and skull fractured, lips, nose, limbs and private parts chopped off.    

Imagine the plight of the parents of these martyrs. Till date Captain Kalia’s father is awaiting justice for the gruesome murders of his son and other five soldiers.    

For this victory over Pakistan, 26th of July is celebrated as Kargil Vijay Diwas every year.   

  

  

 

 

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Veteran Congress leader and three time Delhi CM Sheila Dikshit, passes away

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Sheila Dikshit

New Delhi: Senior Congress leader and former New Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit passed away aged 81 years.

On Saturday morning, she was admitted in Escorts hospital in critical condition following a cardiac arrest. A team of multidisciplinary doctors then operated on her, following which her condition was stable. However, another cardiac arrest struck and at 3:55pm despite all resuscitative efforts she passed away.

Her cremation is scheduled Sunday 2pm in Delhi’s Nigam Bodh Ghat.

Dikshit was one of the longest serving Chief Minister of the capital serving 15 years in power from 1998 to 2013 after losing power to Aam Aadmi Party’s Arvind Kejriwal. However in 2019 Lok Sabha elections Congress party, under her leadership, managed to push ruling AAP to third place on 5 of the 7 national capital seats in terms of voteshare but still lagging behind PM Modi’s Bhartiya Janata Party.

She was also known to be a close aide of Rajiv Gandhi serving as a cabinet minister during the time.

Delhi deputy CM Manish Sisodia has declared a 2-day state mourning for the former CM.

PM Modi was one of the first leader to condole her death on Twitter followed by other leaders.

Swaraj, former Minister of External Affairs, called her opponent in politics but a “friends in personal life.”

Former Congress President Rahul Gandhi calling her death a beloved daughter of Congress party.

Bollywood star Akshay Kumar among other actors too condoled her death.


Delhi CM Kejriwal called her demise ”a great loss for city.”


President Ram Nath Kovind too paid condolences for her demise.

Along with leaders, many Twitter users condoled death of one of most notable politicians of capital.

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Business

Zomato Works With Feeding India To Serve One Lakh Meals In A Day

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Feeding India, founded by Ankit Kawatra and Srishti Jain in 2014, is an award-winning NGO working to solve the complex challenges of hunger, food wastage and malnutrition in India. India’s leading food-tech co, Zomato in its 11th anniversary has joined hands with Feeding India for the same cause, to fight hunger by serving one lakh meals in a day taking no food wastage into account.

Well, undoubtedly, Zomato, who launched its online ordering and food delivery services in May 2015, has very strong market network globally as the food tech company works with 1.4 million restaurants across 24 countries and serves more than 65 million users every month, which is highly remarkable.

Deepinder Goyal, Founder and CEO, Zomato has said in his statement that, while growing they want to add value simultaneously for everyone in the ecosystem. They are already in the walk towards creating jobs and skill-building opportunities for many in India with 1.8 lakh delivery partners. Even they have also focused on developing Zomato Kitchen hubs in smaller cities in India to drive growth and opportunities for their restaurant partners. And their partnership with Feeding India will be a great help in routing excess food from restaurants to undernourished segments of our society.

How Zomato’s Partnership with Feeding India Will Add Value in Society?

  • Zomato and Feeding India will together target every source of food wastage in farms, restaurants, supermarkets, hotels, corporates and events. The Zomato network will join hands into Feeding India’s already existing models. These models focus on sustainably feeding the many who sleep hungry every night, serving one lakh meals in a day, thus walking towards for a Better India.

 

  • Zomato’s strongest market network will add fuel to Feeding India’s already existing sustainable models. It will eventually solve the biggest challenge our country currently faces — sustainably feeding its 20 million hungry population.

 

  • Feeding India has grown to 8,500+ volunteers today who are working in 65+ cities, through 50+ community fridges, 12 food recovery vans, and five sustainable projects serving 20 million meals till date, which is highly appreciable. So, just imagine, if Zomato and Feeding India comes into one picture, what changes it can bring globally and can change many lives of individual, ending hunger and food wastage.

 

Working towards society doesn’t end over here for Zomato. The food giant company has also partnered with the world’s leading short-video app, TikTok, to spread the awareness and create a dent on food wastage, hunger and malnutrition in India.

Sachin Sharma, Director – Sales and Partnership, TikTok India, said in a statement that feels extremely proud of TikTok creators who actively participated in Zomato’s Food Drive, thus coming forward as ‘Hunger Heroes’. This partnership with Zomato is a commitment for TikTok by giving a platform to its creators to express themselves to a global audience and spread positive messages on the platform, being a responsible technology company.”

Zomato’s global food drive was conducted in a total of 86 cities across 11 countries including India, Qatar, Indonesia, Australia, UAE, Lebanon, New Zealand, Portugal, Turkey, Philippines and USA.

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ISRO Chandrayaan 2: About it; Why was it called off? What is planned next?

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ISRO Chandrayaan 2

Chandrayaan-2 mission was described as one of the most complex ever undertaken by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Chandryaan-2 was going to be carried to its designated orbit by ISRO’s most powerful launcher 640-tonne GSLV MK-III or “Bahubali”, a three-stage vehicle which is capable of launching 4-tonne class of satellites to the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) in the space.

It was planned that 973.7 seconds after lift-off from Sriharikota, Chandryaan-2, carrying with it the Lander-Vikram and the Moon Rover-Pragyaan, will get separated from the rocket and head to the south pole of the Moon. The journey of Chadrayaan 2 is expected to take nearly two months (54 days) from the launch date. The distance between the earth and the moon is calculated to be about 3.844 lakh km, and the lander-orbiter separation will take place on the 50th day of the journey.
The Lander named Vikram is designed to make a soft landing on the Moon after the vessel reaches the Moon’s Surface and then the Rover, Pragyaan will then roll out to carry out the designated experiments. The landing of the lander Vikram was planned between two of the craters on the Moon and the rover Pragyaan, to travel up to 0.5 km at a speed of one centimeter per second and to communicate with the lander.
The rover will utilize solar energy for its functioning. All the important components of the modules of Chandrayaan-2 were manufactured by Union government-run center in the capital city of Odisha, Bhubaneswar. These components include seven specific assemblies for navigation and inertial momentum of the orbiter in addition to the limbs of the rover ‘Pragyaan’ have also been manufactured by the center at Bhubaneswar. The center had started manufacturing the Chandrayaan-2’s parts in March 2017. In a statement to the media, ISRO said that through the launch of Chandrayaan-2, the space agency aimed to improve the understanding of the Moon, which could lead to discoveries that will benefit our country India and humanity as a whole.

The Decision To Call Off

https://twitter.com/isro/status/1150520298761936896

ISRO officials claimed that every one of the thirteen modules had its own set of scientific experiments and objectives. The lander and rover will only be functional for fourteen days or one lunar day whereas the Orbiter will continue its mission for a year. If everything goes according to plan, the lander will touchdown near the South Pole of the Moon on 6 September 2019.

Former Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) scientist Ravi Gupta gave the decision to call off Monday’s launch of the second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 and said that it was done at the right time before the occurrence of any big mishap with the vessel.

Chandrayaan 2, the successor to ISRO’s Chandrayaan 1 mission that confirmed the presence of water on the moon – a landmark achievement – was scheduled to spend 14 Earth days checking for more water reserves on the Moon but due to the cancellation of the mission, it is postponed till further notice.

What Now?

Apart from its disheartening tweet announcing that the Chandrayaan-2 mission has been called off, for now, the Indian Space Research Organisation has also not said much about what happens next.

However, a report by the news agency Indo-Asian News Service (IANS), said that the space agency will now focus on investigating what went wrong on the GSLV Mk-III and will soon provide a new launch date.

Significantly, the problem was observed on board the Rocket and not the Chandrayaan-2 payload, which means that the entire mission is not currently in jeopardy and will surely take a slightly long time to be rectified.

ISRO’s Public Relations Officer (PRO) Guruprasad said the revised launch date will be announced sooner. Till then let us wait for the announcements of ISRO. Keep connected with us to be updated with the latest and trending news every day. Hope to see you soon.

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