Almost everyone is aware that smoking is the reason which causes heart diseases, cancer, emphysema which reduces lifespan by 10 years or even more. Addiction to this can cost thousands of lives per year. It can be hard to stop it because it contains nicotine that is highly addictive. Some may think that it looks cool if we smoke or others start smoking because someone in their family or friends smokes.
How smoking affects our health
There is no specific reason to start smoking. Our body needs or requires water, food, sleep, exercise to stay alive and healthy. There are many chemicals found in cigarettes such as cyanide, nicotine that are actually is a poison for our health. When a person smoke for the first time he/she may feel burning in the throat & lungs or feel pain.
Many people may develop health problems such as stroke, heart problems and different types of cancer due to smoking which limits the ability of a person and can be fatal for them.
Problems caused due to smoking are bad breath, reduced athletic performance, greater risk of injury and slower healing time, bad smelling clothes and hair, increased risk of illness. Smoking affects many parts of our body such as:
Central nervous system
Nicotine found in the cigarette is the mood-altering drug which when reaches our brain makes us feel very energetic but when its effect wears off it makes us exhausted and crave for more. It makes people habitual of it due to which many of them find difficult to quit smoking.
Quitting of nicotine makes our cognitive functioning impaired and one may feel irritated, anxious and depressed.
When we inhale smoke we take many harmful substances which can damage our lungs, increase chances of infections, chronic nonreversible lung condition like chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, lung cancer. An increased amount of mucus production in our body after quitting smoking is a good sign which indicates that our respiratory system is recovering.
The entire cardiovascular system gets damaged because of nicotine which causes tightening of blood vessels that restrict the flow of blood. It also increases blood pressure and raises the risk of stroke.
Smoking increases the risk of pancreatic cancer and effect insulin-making which puts you at the risk of diabetes and many more complications.
Sexual and reproductive problems
In men, it decreases sexual performance by decreasing lubrication and inability to reach orgasm. This may lower sex hormone in both men and women which leads to less sexual desire.
Health hazards caused due to smoking
- Going blind
- Type 2 diabetes
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Erectile dysfunction
- Hip fracture
- Colorectal cancer
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Cleft lip and cleft palate
- Fertility issues
- Gum disease
There are many benefits of quitting smoking as this may reduce the risk of cancer, heart attacks, and many more ailments.
Hope you find this information useful.